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In this paper we present a performance comparison between a real-time multiprocessor kernel implemented in hardware and a corresponding kernel implemented in software. The hardware kernel showed overall better performance. For instance the speedup achieved with the hardware kernel was up to 2.6 times. We also present an optimization that has been applied to(More)
Patients with peritoneal or local metastases from colorectal cancer have a poor prognosis. However, aggressive treatments by debulking surgery and infusional intraperitoneal (i.p.) chemotherapy have been tried and appear to benefit selected patients. We assayed the effects of debulking surgery and i.p. chemotherapy with respect to survival and compared the(More)
Differential drug response in a human cell line panel representing defined types of cytotoxic drug resistance was measured using the non-clonogenic fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay (FMCA). In total 37 drugs were analysed; eight topoisomerase II inhibitors, eight anti-metabolites, eight alkylating agents, eight tubulin-active agents and five(More)
Abnormal vascularization of solid tumours results in the development of microenvironments deprived of oxygen and nutrients that harbour slowly growing and metabolically stressed cells. Such cells display enhanced resistance to standard chemotherapeutic agents and repopulate tumours after therapy. Here we identify the small molecule VLX600 as a drug that is(More)
Sublines from the small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines U1285 and U1690, denoted U1285-100, U1285-250, U1690-40 and U1690-150, were adapted to grow in the continuous presence of 100, 250, 40 and 150 ng ml-1 doxorubicin (Dox), respectively. The Dox resistance was accompanied by cross-resistance to vincristine (Vcr), Vp-16 and for U1285-100 also to(More)
Acquired drug resistance is a major problem in cancer treatment. To explore the genes involved in chemosensitivity and resistance, 10 human tumour cell lines, including parental cells and resistant subtypes selected for resistance against doxorubicin, melphalan, teniposide and vincristine, were profiled for mRNA expression of 7400 genes using cDNA(More)
The myeloma cell line RPMI 8226/S and its doxorubicin resistant subline 8226/Dox40 were used as models to explore the potential importance of the STAT1 signaling pathway in drug and radiation resistance. The 40-fold doxorubicin resistant subline 8226/Dox40 was found to be crossresistant to single doses of 4 and 8 Gy of radiation. A genome-wide mRNA(More)
The cytotoxic activity and cross-resistance pattern of the novel topoisomerase I inhibitor topotecan (Topo) were investigated in ten cell lines, representing different mechanisms of cytotoxic drug resistance, and in 218 fresh human tumour samples using the fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay (FMCA). Resistance to Topo in the cell lines was(More)
In patient tumour samples the activity in vitro of Taxol corresponded fairly well to the known clinical activity and Taxol showed low cross-resistance to standard cytotoxic drugs. However, the Taxol solvent Cremophor EL--ethanol was considerably active alone, whereas paclitaxel formulated in ethanol was less active. Taxol thus seems to contain two(More)
The FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) of recent years has opened newer design possibilities of moving software into hardware. This paper is studied at two cases of transferring functionality from software into hardware. The paper describes the VCB (Virtual Communication Bus) concept and hardware tasks. The approach with VCB is focused today on existing(More)