Peter Neuhaus

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CONTEXT The role of adjuvant therapy in resectable pancreatic cancer is still uncertain, and no recommended standard exists. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that adjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine administered after complete resection of pancreatic cancer improves disease-free survival by 6 months or more. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Open,(More)
CYP3A proteins comprise a significant portion of the hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) protein and they metabolize around 50% of drugs currently in use. The dissection of the individual contributions of the four CYP3A genes identified in humans to overall hepatic CYP3A activity has been hampered by sequence and functional similarities. We have investigated the(More)
The human cytochrome P450, CYP2B6, is involved in the metabolism of several therapeutically important drugs and environmental or abused toxicants. In this study, we present the first systematic investigation of genetic polymorphism in the CYP2B6 gene on chromosome 19. A specific direct sequencing strategy was developed based on CYP2B6 and CYP2B7 genomic(More)
In most social ungulate species, males are larger than females and the sexes live in separate groups outside the breeding season. It is important for our understanding of the evolution of sociality to find out why sexual segregation is so widespread not only in ungulates but also in other mammals. Sexual body size dimorphism was proposed as a central factor(More)
BACKGROUND Patients undergoing liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma within the Milan criteria (single tumour </=5 cm in size or </=3 tumours each </=3 cm in size, and no macrovascular invasion) have an excellent outcome. However, survival for patients with cancers that exceed these criteria remains unpredictable and access to transplantation(More)
Many drugs that are substrates of CYP3A4, the major human drug-metabolizing cytochrome P450 (CYP), show higher clearance in women than in men. Although this effect is believed to be related to drug metabolism, the underlying cause has not been elucidated. We investigated CYP3A4 in a large collection (n = 94) of well-characterized surgical liver samples and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate different strategies for extended resections of hilar cholangiocarcinomas on radicality and survival. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Surgical resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma is the only potentially curative treatment. Resection of central bile duct carcinomas, however, cannot always comply with the general principles of surgical(More)
The elucidation of the individual contributions of the four CYP3A genes to the overall CYP3A activity has been hampered by similarities in their sequence and function. We investigated the expression of CYP3A mRNA species in the liver and in various other tissues using gene-specific TaqMan probes. CYP3A4 transcripts were the most abundant CYP3A mRNA in each(More)
Selection of patients suffering from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhosis for liver transplantation follows limits of number and diameter of tumor nodules. It has not been investigated whether there is a correlation of these parameters with vascular invasion. From 1989 to 2000, 1,188 liver transplantations were performed in 1,087 patients, including(More)
Human CYP3A enzymes play a pivotal role in the metabolism of many drugs, and the variability of their expression among individuals may have a strong impact on the efficacy of drug treatment. However, the individual contributions of the four CYP3A genes to total CYP3A activity remain unclear. To elucidate the role of CYP3A7, we have studied its expression in(More)