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Mass spectrometric analysis of biomolecules under ambient conditions promises to enable the in vivo investigation of diverse biochemical changes in organisms with high specificity. Here we report on a novel combination of infrared laser ablation with electrospray ionization (LAESI) as an ambient ion source for mass spectrometry. As a result of the(More)
Mass spectrometry in conjunction with atmospheric pressure ionization methods enables the in vivo investigation of biochemical changes with high specificity and sensitivity. Laser ablation electrospray ionization (LAESI) is a recently introduced ambient ionization method suited for the analysis of biological samples with sufficient water content. With LAESI(More)
Atmospheric pressure imaging mass spectrometry is a rapidly expanding field that offers advantages in the ability to study biological systems in their native condition, simplified sample preparation, and high-throughput experiments. In laser ablation electrospray ionization (LAESI), the native water molecules in biological tissues facilitate sampling by a(More)
Recent technical innovations in mass spectrometry (MS) have extended the application of this powerful technique to direct chemical analysis at atmospheric pressure. These innovations have created an opportunity to appreciate the chemistry of biological systems in their native state, so tissues and single cells of plant, animal, or human origin can be(More)
Mid-infrared laser ablation of water-rich targets at the maximum of the 2.94 μm absorption band is a two-step process initiated by phase explosion followed by recoil pressure induced material ejection. Particulates and/or droplets ejected by this high temperature high pressure process can be ionized for mass spectrometry by charged droplets from an(More)
The transmembrane disposition of the visual pigment rhodopsin was studied by the covalent labeling of protein amino groups with membrane-permeable and -impermeable imidoesters. A new, highly reactive permeable reagent, 2-(methylsulfonyl)ethyl acetimidate (SAI) was developed for this purpose. The permeabilities of both this compound and the "impermeable"(More)
The intracellular levels and spatial localizations of metabolites and peptides reflect the state of a cell and its relationship to its surrounding environment. Moreover, the amounts and dynamics of metabolites and peptides are indicative of normal or pathological cellular conditions. Here we highlight established and evolving strategies for characterizing(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) imaging of molecular distributions offers insight into the correlation between biochemical processes and the spatial organization of a biological tissue. Simultaneous identification of diverse molecules is a virtue of mass spectrometry (MS) that in combination with ambient ion sources enables the atmospheric pressure investigation of(More)
Twenty esters of 3 alpha- and 3beta-hydroxy(nor)tropanes and two amides of 3 alpha-aminotropane were prepared with substituted benzoic acids. These (nor)tropeines inhibited [(3)H]strychnine binding to glycine receptors in synaptosomal membranes of rat spinal cord. A ternary allosteric model was applied to determine the dissociation constants (K(A)) of the(More)
Ambient ionization methods in mass spectrometry allow analytical investigations to be performed directly on a tissue or biofilm under native-like experimental conditions. Laser ablation electrospray ionization (LAESI) is one such development and is particularly well-suited for the investigation of water-containing specimens. LAESI utilizes a mid-infrared(More)