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BACKGROUND Despite revisions in 2005 and 2014, the Gleason prostate cancer (PCa) grading system still has major deficiencies. Combining of Gleason scores into a three-tiered grouping (6, 7, 8-10) is used most frequently for prognostic and therapeutic purposes. The lowest score, assigned 6, may be misunderstood as a cancer in the middle of the grading scale,(More)
UNLABELLED What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Urothelium emerged as a crucial integrator of sensory inputs and outputs in the bladder wall, and urothelial G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) may represent plausible targets for treatment of various bladder pathologies. Urothelial cell lines provide a useful tool to study urothelial(More)
CONTEXT Radical prostatectomy (RP) approaches have rarely been compared adequately with regard to margin and perioperative complication rates. OBJECTIVE Review the literature from 2002 to 2010 and compare margin and perioperative complication rates for open retropubic RP (ORP), laparoscopic RP (LRP), and robot-assisted LRP (RALP). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the survival outcomes of patients treated with surgery or radiotherapy for prostate cancer. DESIGN Observational study. SETTING Sweden, 1996-2010. PARTICIPANTS 34,515 men primarily treated for prostate cancer with surgery (n=21,533) or radiotherapy (n=12,982). Patients were categorised by risk group (low, intermediate, high, and(More)
CONTEXT Although open radical cystectomy (ORC) is still the standard approach, laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) and robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) have gained popularity. OBJECTIVE To report a systematic literature review and cumulative analysis of perioperative outcomes and complications of RARC in comparison with ORC and LRC. EVIDENCE(More)
BACKGROUND Intracorporeal urinary diversion (ICUD) has the potential benefits of a smaller incision, reduced pain, decreased bowel exposure, and reduced risk of fluid imbalance. OBJECTIVE To compare the perioperative outcomes of patients undergoing extracorporeal urinary diversion (ECUD) and ICUD following robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC). (More)
BACKGROUND Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is an increasingly commonly used surgical treatment option for prostate cancer (PCa); however, its longer-term oncologic results remain uncertain. OBJECTIVE To report biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS) outcomes for men who underwent RARP ≥5 yr ago at a single European centre. DESIGN,(More)
PD98059 blocks mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) by inhibiting its activator, MAP kinase kinase (MEK). We have previously found that PD98059 only transiently inhibits spontaneous axonal outgrowth from adult mouse dorsal root ganglia (DRG) explants, whereas it causes sustained inhibition of nerve growth factor (NGF)-stimulated growth. Surprisingly, the(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore the views of experts about the development and validation of a robotic surgery training curriculum, and how this should be implemented. MATERIALS AND METHODS An international expert panel was invited to a structured session for discussion. The study was of a mixed design, including qualitative and quantitative components based on(More)
BACKGROUND Robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is a current standard treatment for localized prostate cancer, with treatment failure defined by biochemical recurrence (BCR). Open radical prostatectomy series have identified the presence of a positive surgical margin (PSM) as a predictor of long-term recurrence, a measure that is affected by(More)