Peter Mulder

Learn More
Over the last two decades, dissatisfaction with the traditional Solow-Swanmodel of economic growth resulted in two new classes of models of economic growth and technological change: neo-classical endogenous growth models, and evolutionary growth models. The first class of models has been labeled endogenous, because of its key feature of endogenizing(More)
The antioxidant properties of Hantzsch 1,4-dihydropyridine esters and two dibenzo-1,4-dihydropyridines, 9,10-dihydroacridine (DHAC) and N-methyl-9,10-dihydroacridine (N-Me-DHAC), have been explored by determining whether they retard the autoxidation of styrene or cumene at 30 degrees C. Despite a claim to the contrary [(2003) Chem. Res. Toxicol. 16,(More)
Employed technologies differ vastly across countries. Within countries many technologies that would obviously improve firms’ efficiency are not adopted. This paper explains these observations by emphasizing that a new technology positively affects workers by lowering prices and increasing their real income, but also negatively by costs of getting acquainted(More)
This paper studies the adoption and diffusion of energy-saving technologies in a vintage model. An important characteristic of the model is that vintages are complementary: there are returns to diversity of using a mix of vintages. We analyse how diffusion patterns and adoption behaviour are affected by complementarity and learning-by-using. It is shown(More)
The gas-phase O-H bond dissociation enthalpy, BDE, in phenol provides an essential benchmark for calibrating the O-H BDEs of other phenols, data which aids our understanding of the reactivities of phenols, such as their relevant antioxidant activities. In a recent review, the O-H BDE for phenol was presented as 90 +/- 3 kcal mol(-1) (Acc. Chem. Res. 2003,(More)
Six O-phenyl ketoxime ethers, RR'C=NOPh 1-6, with RR' = diaryl, dialkyl, and arylalkyl, together with N-phenoxybenzimidic acid phenyl ether, PhO(Ph)C=NOPh, 7, have been shown to thermolyze at moderate temperatures with "clean" N-O bond homolyses to yield iminyl and phenoxyl radicals, RR'C=N(*) and PhO(*). Since 1-6 can be synthesized at room temperature,(More)
This paper provides an empirical analysis of energyand labour-productivity convergence at a detailed sectoral level for 14 OECD countries, covering the period 1970-1997. A σconvergence analysis shows that the development of cross-country variation in productivity performance depends on the level of aggregation. Both patterns of convergence as well as(More)