Peter Msaki

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Head computed tomography examinations are often accompanied with unnecessary irradiation of superficial organs that are rarely the main target for the investigation. The aim of this work is to demonstrate that lead shields could be effectively used to protect superficial organs without compromising image quality where superficial organ itself is not a(More)
The performance of two digital mammography systems, Agfa CR75 and CRMM3 computed radiography (CR) and IMS Giotto MD direct digital radiography (DR), was assessed by applying a method recommended in the European protocol for quality control in mammography screening. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and mean glandular dose (MGD) values were measured and(More)
High resolution images in PET based on small individual detectors are obtained at the cost of low sensitivity and increased detector scatter. These limitations can be partially overcome by enlarging discrimination windows to include more low-energy events and by developing more efficient energy-dependent methods to correct for scatter radiation from all(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of radiation dose imparted to patients undergoing CT (computed tomography) examinations in Tanzania. The effective doses to patients undergoing five common CT examinations were obtained from eight health centres. The doses to patients were estimated using measurements of CTDI, exposure-related parameters and(More)
Without the knowledge of reference dose levels (RDLs) from computed tomography (CT) examinations, the optimal dose to patients undergoing CT examinations cannot be realised. The aim of this study was therefore to assess the radiation dose levels from CT examinations according to reference dose quantities proposed by the European Commission (EC) guidelines.(More)
Although the use of computed tomography (CT) in medical diagnosis delivers relatively higher radiation doses to patients than other radiological procedures, lack of optimized protocols could be an additional source of increased dose in developing countries. The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of radiation doses received by selected(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a homemade phantom for quantitative quality control in chest computed radiography (CR). The phantom was constructed from copper, aluminium, and polymenthylmethacrylate (PMMA) plates as well as Styrofoam materials. Depending on combinations, the literature suggests that these materials can simulate the attenuation and(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the nature and causes of radiation dose imparted to patients undergoing barium-based X-ray fluoroscopy procedures in Tanzania and to compare these doses to those reported in the literature from other regions worldwide. The air kerma area product (KAP) to patient undergoing barium investigations of gastrointestinal(More)
Potential terrestrial sources of naturally occurring elevated radiation levels have been identified in Tanzania. Thus, efforts are currently being undertaken to create a natural radiation database, in the form of a radiation level map of natural radioactivity, to be used to assess the associated radiation risk to public and workers. Background radiation(More)
The performances of three clinical computed radiography (CR) systems, (Agfa CR 75 (with CRMD 4.0 image plates), Kodak CR 850 (with Kodak GP plates) and Kodak CR 850A (with Kodak GP plates)) were evaluated using six tests recommended in American Association of Physicists in Medicine Report 93. The results indicated variable performances with majority being(More)