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Three different procedures for the solubilization of yeast (S. cerevisiae) cell proteins were compared on the basis of the obtained two-dimensional (2-D) polypeptide patterns. Major emphasis was laid on minimizing handling steps, protein modification or degradation, and quantitative loss of high molecular mass proteins. The procedures employed were(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Populus euphratica is a light-demanding species ecologically characterized as a pioneer. It grows in shelter belts along riversides, being part of the natural desert forest ecosystems in China and Middle Eastern countries. It is able to survive extreme temperatures, drought and salt stress, marking itself out as an important plant(More)
The rising number of proteome projects leads to new challenges for two-dimensional electrophoresis with immobilized pH gradients and different applications of this technique. Not only wide pH gradients such as 4-12 or 3-12 (Görg et al., Electrophoresis 1999, 20, 712-717) which can give an overview of the total protein expressions of cells are in demand but(More)
Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) treatment of neonatal rat islets for 24 h induces changes in the expression of 105 of 2,200 proteins, as determined previously by two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis. Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated as one of the mediators of IL-1beta effects in insulin-containing cell lines and rat islets. The aims of this study were(More)
An inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase isoform (iNOS) is specifically induced in the beta-cells of interleukin (IL)-1 beta-exposed rat islets, suggesting a role for NO in the pathogenesis of type I diabetes. The aim of this study was to clone and characterize iNOS cDNA from cytokine-exposed islets. Neither NO production nor iNOS transcription could be(More)
Interleukin (IL)-1 beta-mediated damage to beta-cells in isolated islets of Langerhans depends upon de novo synthesis of proteins that have not been fully identified. Further, IL-1 beta-induced and tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced islet damage partly depends on the intracellular production of the nitric oxide (NO) radical. IL-1 beta has also been(More)
The intracellular molecular events involved in the beta-cell death process are complex but poorly understood. Cytokines, e.g., interleukin (IL)-1beta, may play a crucial role in inducing this process. Protein synthesis is necessary for the deleterious effect of IL-1, and induction of both protective and deleterious proteins has been described. To(More)
Proteome analysis offers a unique means of identifying important proteins, characterizing their modifications and beginning to describe their function. This is achieved through the combination of two technologies: protein separation and selection by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, and protein identification and characterization by mass spectrometry.(More)