Learn More
BACKGROUND Strokes are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in young adults. However, in most cases the cause of the stroke remains unclear. Anderson-Fabry disease is an X-linked recessive lysosomal storage disease resulting from deficient alpha-galactosidase and causes an endothelial vasculopathy followed by cerebral ischaemia. To determine the(More)
BACKGROUND Policies for timing of cord clamping vary, with early cord clamping generally carried out in the first 60 seconds after birth, whereas later cord clamping usually involves clamping the umbilical cord more than one minute after the birth or when cord pulsation has ceased. The benefits and potential harms of each policy are debated. OBJECTIVES To(More)
BACKGROUND Indigenous Australian children living in remote communities experience high rates of acute otitis media with tympanic membrane perforation (AOMwiP). Otitis media in this population is associated with dense nasopharyngeal colonization of three primary otopathogens; Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Moraxella catarrhalis. Little(More)
Fabry disease is an X-linked disorder of glycosphingolipid metabolism resulting from a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme α-galactosidase A. This leads to the progressive accumulation of glycosphingolipids in lysosomes of most visceral tissues and in body fluids. Following successful clinical trials in adults, two recombinant enzyme preparations of(More)
Single dose-response curves were determined for suxamethonium in neonates, infants and children during thiopentone-fentanyl-nitrous oxide anaesthesia. During onset of neuromuscular block, suxamethonium produced an increase in muscle tone which was greatest in neonates and infants. The dose-response curves for the three groups were parallel. The effective(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the impact of complete surgical staging on adjuvant treatment decisions in endometrial cancer. METHODS Two hundred ninety-one patients with endometrial cancer treated between 1996 and 2002 were identified through patient registry. Two hundred seventy-one (93%) of these women were completely surgically(More)
The airway problems encountered during anaesthesia in all children with mucopolysaccharidoses presenting for a surgical procedure from 1988 to September 1991 are reviewed. Thirty-four patients underwent 89 anaesthetics for 110 procedures. The results reveal a high incidence of airway problems. The overall incidence of difficult intubation was 25% and failed(More)
OBJECTIVES The goals of this study were to: (1) determine if management according to a standardized clinical management pathway/algorithm (compared with usual treatment) improves clinical outcomes by 6 weeks; and (2) assess the reliability and validity of a standardized clinical management pathway for chronic cough in children. METHODS A total of 272(More)
BACKGROUND Infection and inflammation are important in the pathogenesis of bronchiectasis. However, there are few published data describing the lower airway microbiology and cellularity in children. METHODS Children with non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis who underwent bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) within 4 weeks of diagnosis were identified by a(More)
Flumazenil, a specific benzodiazepine antagonist, has been used to reverse sedation in a double-blind, controlled study of patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. Forty patients in each of two centres were given a standard dose of either flumazenil (n = 40) or placebo (n = 40) after gastroscopy under midazolam sedation. Assessments were(More)