Learn More
OBJECTIVES To assess the importance of anemia in HIV-infected children in western and tropical settings. DESIGN A systematic review with a descriptive component. METHODS : Four databases were searched and reference lists of pertinent articles were checked. Studies that reported data on anemia or hemoglobin levels in HIV-infected children were selected(More)
The aim of this study was to report the results of high-energy endovenous laser treatment to measure the relationship between the fluence and the outcome in terms of recanalization. In 97 patients, 129 great saphenous veins were treated with endovenous laser treatment, using a 980-nm diode laser. Follow-up visits were done at 3 days, 1 month, and 6 months.(More)
Invasive pneumococcal disease is a leading cause of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated mortality in sub-Saharan African children. Defective T-cell-mediated immunity partially explains this high disease burden, but there is an increased risk of invasive pneumococcal disease even in the context of a relatively preserved percentage of CD4 cells. We(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the relationship between nutritional status and nevirapine exposure by comparing the pharmacokinetics of nevirapine in HIV-infected children of different ages with and without malnutrition receiving divided tablets of Triomune 30 (stavudine + lamivudine + nevirapine) in accordance with Malawi National Guidelines. METHODS Children(More)
BACKGROUND Children remain under-represented in national antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes in settings with limited resources and high HIV prevalence. In Malawi, an increasing number of HIV-infected children have been started on ART with split tablets of an adult fixed-dose combination drug in the past few years. In 2006, the national paediatric ART(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid expansion of antiretroviral therapy in Malawi has occurred in the relative absence of suitable pediatric CD4 counting facilities. We have recently validated in adults a simplified affordable flow cytometric CD4 counting method, the Blantyre count. There is a need for this technology to transfer to government laboratories run by local staff,(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite CD4(+) count restoration and viral load suppression with antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV-infected children remain at increased risk of life-threatening infections including invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). We therefore investigated whether persistent susceptibility to IPD following ART is associated with incomplete recovery of B-cell(More)
In many settings, HIV infected children are looked after with limited access to CD4 cell count or viral load. The decision to initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) is made clinically, based on the WHO paediatric staging criteria, which were revised in 2006. Results of using new and old criteria were compared. Of 694 children, 626 (90.2%) fulfilled criteria(More)
We conducted a retrospective analysis of all pediatric cases referred by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) field doctors via the MSF telemedicine system during a 4-year period from April 2010. A total of 467 pediatric cases were submitted, representing approximately 40% of all telemedicine cases. The median age of the patients was 4 years. The median response(More)
During an outbreak of measles in a refugee camp in Ethiopia, 9 patients (age range 4 months to 18 years) were diagnosed with subcutaneous emphysema. Incidence of this rare complication of measles in this refugee camp was higher than previously reported. We hypothesize that the high incidence is most likely related to poor physical state of the refugee(More)