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We have used polyclonal antibodies against fusion proteins produced from cDNA fragments of a meiotic chromosome core protein, Cor1, and a protein present only in the synapsed portions of the cores, Syn1, to detect the occurrence and the locations of these proteins in rodent meiotic prophase chromosomes. The 234 amino acid Cor1 protein is present in early(More)
The eukaryotic RecA homologues RAD51 and DMC1 function in homology recognition and formation of joint-molecule recombination intermediates during yeast meiosis. The precise immunolocalization of these two proteins on the meiotic chromosomes of plants and animals has been complicated by their high degree of identity at the amino acid level. With antibodies(More)
During mouse meiosis, the early prophase RAD51/DMC1 recombination protein sites, which are associated with the chromosome cores and which serve as markers for ongoing DNA-DNA interactions, are in ten-fold excess of the eventual reciprocal recombinant events. Most, if not all, of these early interactions are eliminated as prophase progresses. The manner in(More)
MutL homolog 3 (Mlh3) is a member of a family of proteins conserved during evolution and having dual roles in DNA mismatch repair and meiosis. The pathway in eukaryotes consists of the DNA-binding components, which are the homologs of the bacterial MutS protein (MSH 2–6), and the MutL homologs, which bind to the MutS homologs and are essential for the(More)
The intranuclear spindle of yeast has an electron-opaque body at each pole. These spindle plaques lie on the nuclear envelope. During mitosis the spindle elongates while the nuclear membranes remain intact. After equatorial constriction there are two daughted nuclei, each with one spindle plaque. The spindle plaque then duplicates so that two side-by-side(More)
Infertility is a common feature of the human disorder ataxia-telangiectasia and Atm-deficient mice are completely infertile. To gain further insight into the role of ATM in meiosis, we examined meiotic cells in Atm-deficient mice during development. Spermatocyte degeneration begins between postnatal days 8 and 16.5, soon after entry into prophase I of(More)
On the assumption that Rad51 protein plays a role in early meiotic chromosomal events, we examine the location and time of appearance of immuno-reactive Rad51 protein in meiotic prophase chromosomes. The Rad51 foci in mouse spermatocytes appear after the emergence of, and attached to, short chromosomal core segments that we visualize with Cor1-specific(More)
The acquisition of genomic methylation in the male germ line is initiated prenatally in diploid gonocytes, while DNA methylation in the female germ line is initiated postnatally in growing oocytes. We compared the temporal expression patterns of the DNA methyltransferases, DNMT1, DNMT3a, DNMT3b, and DNMT3l in the male and female germ lines. DNMT1 expression(More)
Meiosis is critical for sexual reproduction. During meiosis, the dynamics and integrity of homologous chromosomes are tightly regulated. The genetic and molecular mechanisms governing these processes in vivo, however, remain largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that Bat3/Scythe is essential for survival and maintenance of male germ cells (GCs).(More)
Breast tumor suppressor gene 1 (BRCA1) plays an essential role in maintaining genomic integrity. Here we show that mouse Brca1 is required for DNA-damage repair and crossing-over during spermatogenesis. Male Brca1(Delta11/Delta11)p53(+/-) mice that carried a homozygous deletion of Brca1 exon 11 and a p53 heterozygous mutation had significantly reduced(More)