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Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a recently developed medical imaging method which has practical advantages for imaging brain function as it is inexpensive, rapid and portable. Its principal use in validated human studies to date has been to image changes in impedance at a single excitation frequency over time, but there are potential applications(More)
Experiments have been carried out to investigate the information transfer available via a single vibrator on the fingertip. In a first experiment, for stimuli with durations 80 to 320 ms, discrimination of a one-octave step change in frequency at the halfway point was investigated. Results were similar for three stimulus types--sinewave, monophasic pulse(More)
This paper describes the Sheffield Mk3.5 EIT/EIS system which measures both the real and imaginary part of impedance at 30 frequencies between 2 kHz and 1.6 MHz. The system uses eight electrodes with an adjacent drive/receive electrode data acquisition protocol. The system is modular, containing eight identical data acquisition boards, which contain DSPs to(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the performance of cervical impedance spectroscopy in the detection of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) using the new MKIII impedance probe. A prospective observational study recruited women referred to colposcopy with an abnormal Papanicolaou smear. A pencil probe incorporating four gold electrodes was used(More)
Two experiments on the discrimination of time-varying tactile stimuli were performed, with comparison of stimulus delivery to the distal pad of the right index finger and to the right wrist (palmar surface). Subjects were required to perceive differences in short sequences of computer-generated stimulus elements (experiment 1) or differences in short(More)
Non-invasive detection of air emboli in blood is investigated in vitro using a tetrapolar electrical impedance measurement. A cubic tank with a linear array of four electrodes, spaced approximately 1 cm apart down one side, was filled with 0.2 Sm−1 saline. Bubbles were generated by carbon dioxide gas. Electrical transfer impedance was measured every 8.2 ms(More)
The electrical resistivity of lung tissue can be related to the structure and composition of the tissue and also to the air content. Conditions such as pulmonary oedema and emphysema have been shown to change lung resistivity. However, direct access to the lungs to enable resistivity to be measured is very difficult. We have developed a new method of using(More)
Accurate electrical transfer impedance measurement at the high frequencies (>1 MHz) required to characterise blood and intracellular structures is very difficult, owing to stray capacitances between lead wires. To solve this problem, an optically isolated measurement system has been developed using a phaselocked-loop technique for synchronisation between(More)
Inter-subject variability has caused the majority of previous electrical impedance tomography (EIT) techniques to focus on the derivation of relative or difference measures of in vivo tissue resistivity. Implicit in these techniques is the requirement for a reference or previously defined data set. This study assesses the accuracy and optimum electrode(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare cervical impedance spectrometry in the cervical epithelium of women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and normal epithelium. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Colposcopy clinic, Jessop Wing, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK. POPULATION Eighty-seven women referred to colposcopy with a moderate or(More)