In the past 6 years, the global area of commercially grown, genetically modified (GM) crops has increased more than 30-fold to over 52 million hectares. The number of countries involved has more than doubled. Especially in developing countries, the GM crop area is anticipated to increase rapidly in the coming years. Despite this high adoption rate and… (More)
The human secretory phospholipase A2 group IIA (PLA2-IIA) is a lipolytic enzyme. Its inhibition leads to a decrease in eicosanoids levels and, thereby, to reduced inflammation. Therefore, PLA2-IIA is of high pharmacological interest in treatment of chronic diseases such as asthma and rheumatoid arthritis. Quercetin and naringenin, amongst other flavonoids,… (More)
A variety of plant derived substances, so-called phytoestrogens (PEs), although structurally not related to steroids, produce effects similar to the mammalian estradiol. However, little is known so far about the structural requirements which determine PE activities. Taking into consideration that prenylation reactions are relatively common in plant… (More)
8-prenylnaringenin (8-PN) and preparations containing 8-prenylnaringenin have been suggested for use in medicinal and cosmetic applications like hormone replacement or bust enhancement. However, the safety of application is still under considerable debate. Recently it has been shown that human liver microsomes are converting 8-prenylnaringenin to 12… (More)
(-)-Oxyphyllol was prepared in only 4 steps from an epoxy enone that already served as an intermediate for the total synthesis of the anticancer guaiane (-)-englerin A. A regio- and diastereoselective Co(II)-catalyzed hydration of the olefin and a transannular epoxide opening were used as the key reactions.
Services to families have traditionally been delivered in a medical model. This presents challenges including workforce shortages, lack of cultural diversity, lack of training in strength-based work, and difficulty in successfully engaging and retaining families in the therapy process. The system of care (SOC) effort has worked to establish formal roles for… (More)
The flavanone naringenin is known to possess only weak estrogenic properties, but some of its derivatives such as 8-prenylnaringenin are potent phytoestrogens. The aim of this study was to further clarify structure-function relationships of flavanones regarding their estrogenic or antiestrogenic properties by characterizing the new chemically synthesized… (More)