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Previous research has shown that visual attention can be directed to a spatial location in 2 qualitatively different ways. Attention can be allocated endogenously in response to centrally presented precues, or it can be captured exogenously by a visual stimulus with an abrupt onset. It has been suggested that exogenous orienting of attention is an automatic(More)
Many studies of covert orienting of visual attention in response to informative pre-cues have focused on the spatial distribution of improved or impaired performance. One can find at least four different models in the literature, each describing a different distribution: the fixed gradient spotlight; the zoom lens spotlight; the hemifield activation(More)
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is defined as a metabolically induced, potentially reversible, functional disturbance of the brain that may occur in acute or chronic liver disease. Standardized nomenclature has been proposed but a standardized approach to the treatment, particularly of persistent, episodic and recurrent encephalopathy associated with liver(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the maternal tolerability of nevirapine as part of combination antiretroviral therapy in pregnancy at three HIV centres in Dublin, Ireland and to determine risk factors for development of significant hepatotoxicity. METHODS A retrospective study was carried out of all women prescribed nevirapine as part of combination antiretroviral(More)
In two experiments, we examined the effect of timing conditions on the magnitude of gender differences in performance on the Mental Rotations Test (MRT). In Experiment 1, each of 196 females and 119 males was administered the MRT via a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation in one of five timing conditions (15, 20, 25, 30, and 40 sec). The participants were(More)
IMPORTANCE There is a need for noninvasive tools to monitor hepatotoxicity in patients with psoriasis who are receiving methotrexate sodium. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the use of transient elastography (TE) and FibroTest (FibroSURE in the United States), an indirect serum marker of fibrosis, in this population. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The optimal management of acute Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) with liver failure is controversial. Options include anticoagulation, portal systemic shunting or liver transplantation. In recent years, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) have been tried in place of shunt surgery. We report our experience with a policy of(More)
The etiology of extrahepatic venous obstruction (EHVO) is unknown in 50% of cases. Recently the presence of a "latent" myeloproliferative disorder has been reported in adults with "idiopathic" EHVO. We evaluated the course of these patients to establish if any putative latent myeloproliferative disorder influenced the clinical course compared to those with(More)
BACKGROUND Variceal bleeding is a frequent cause of death in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Over the past 40 years a number of new techniques have been introduced to control active variceal haemorrhage. Many randomised controlled trials were performed to evaluate these new therapies. While most have demonstrated efficacy in controlling(More)
The treatment of moderate to severe hyponatraemia in patients with decompensated liver disease is unsatisfactory. We report our preliminary experience using intravenous infusion of albumin to treat this condition. Three patients with cirrhosis, ascites, and hyponatraemia responded satisfactorily to treatment; one patient with fulminant hepatitis B did not(More)