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Leukotrienes are bronchoconstrictor and vasoactive lipid mediators that are targets in the treatment of asthma. Although they are increasingly recognized to exert broad proinflammatory effects, their role in innate immune responses is less well appreciated. These molecules are indeed synthesized by resident and recruited leukocytes during infection. Acting(More)
Leukotrienes (LTs) are lipid mediators that participate in inflammatory diseases and innate immune function. We sought to investigate the importance of LTs in regulating the microbicidal activity of alveolar macrophages (AMs) and the molecular mechanisms by which this occurs. The role of LTs in enhancing AM microbicidal activity was evaluated(More)
Leptin is an adipocyte-derived hormone that is secreted in correlation with total body lipid stores. Serum leptin levels are lowered by the loss of body fat mass that would accompany starvation and malnutrition. Recently, leptin has been shown to modulate innate immune responses such as macrophage phagocytosis and cytokine synthesis in vitro. To determine(More)
In this study, we have identified and characterized metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) in human plasma. Treatment of plasma with trypsin or aminophenylmercuric acetate resulted in activation of latent gelatinolytic activity. Fractionation of plasma by gelatin Sepharose chromatography resulted in the isolation of 72 kDa(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs) are potent lipid mediators that are produced during infections and whose synthesis and signaling networks present potential pharmacologic targets for immunomodulation. PGE(2) acts through the ligation of four distinct G protein-coupled receptors, E-prostanoid (EP) 1-4. Previous in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that the(More)
The development of adult-onset diseases is influenced by perinatal exposure to altered environmental conditions. One such exposure, bisphenol A (BPA), has been associated with obesity and diabetes, and consequently labeled an obesogen. Using an isogenic murine model, we examined the effects of perinatal exposure through maternal diet to 50 ng (n=20), 50 μg(More)
Leptin is a hormone secreted by adipocytes in correlation with total body fat mass. In addition to regulating energy homeostasis, leptin modulates immune functions such as macrophage phagocytosis and cytokine synthesis. Previously, we reported defective leukotriene synthesis in macrophages from leptin-deficient mice that could be restored with exogenous(More)
OBJECTIVE To relate serum leptin levels to prevalent and incident radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) and to determine if patterns of change in longitudinal serum leptin measures differ by knee OA status over a 10-year period. METHODS Participants in the Michigan Study of Women's Health Across the Nation underwent bilateral knee radiographs at baseline(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Serum leptin measures are associated with radiographic knee osteoarthritis, but no studies have examined leptin levels with respect to different measures of knee joint damage from MRI. METHODS Participants in the Michigan Study of Women's Health Across the Nation underwent bilateral knee MRIs at follow-up visit 11 for assessment(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if ghrelin and adipocytokine (leptin, adiponectin, resistin) levels vary with menopause stage or with estradiol (E2), testosterone (T), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) concentrations measured in three stages of the menopause transition. METHODS A study of adipocytokines and menopause was(More)