Peter Maguire

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Partners and other family members are key supports for cancer patients. Most cope well with the caregiving role, but an important minority become highly distressed or develop an affective disorder. Female carers and those with a history of psychiatric morbidity are more vulnerable, as are those who take a more negative view of the patient's illness and its(More)
The findings of two meta-analyses of trials of psychological interventions in patients with cancer are presented: the first using anxiety and the second depression, as a main outcome measure. The majority of the trials were preventative, selecting subjects on the basis of a cancer diagnosis rather than on psychological criteria. For anxiety, 25 trials were(More)
The General Health Questionnaire 28 (GHQ 28), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (RSCL) seemed promising in their ability to detect anxiety and depression in cancer patients. To compare their screening performance, 513 patients were recruited from four cancer centres, and visited at home by a trained interviewer.(More)
Health professionals are reluctant to enquire actively about cancer patients' concerns and feelings. They fear that probing will damage patients psychologically and believe they have had insufficient training in the relevant interviewing skills. In considering how their interviewing skills might be improved, the key question is which interviewing behaviours(More)
BACKGROUND We tested whether a brief psychological intervention could prevent anxiety or depressive disorders among newly diagnosed cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients free of anxiety or depressive disorder were randomised to receive immediate intervention (start of cancer treatment), delayed intervention (8 weeks after starting treatment) or(More)
If doctors and nurses involved in cancer care are to help patients and their families achieve an optimal level of quality of life and psychological adjustment they must be able to carry out key communication tasks successfully. Yet, objective scrutiny of their consultations confirms that deficiencies in their ability to conduct these tasks remain. The(More)
To assess the impact of workshops on key interviewing skills, 169 health professionals involved in cancer care interviewed a simulated patient immediately before and after the workshops and 6 months later. Each interview was audiotaped, transcribed and rated by trained raters using a newly developed rating system which permits an utterance by utterance(More)
Eighty-one patients with advanced breast cancer completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (RSCL) to determine how well these questionnaires identified patients suffering from an anxiety state or depressive illness, compared with an independent interview by a psychiatrist who used the Clinical Interview(More)