Peter M Wallis

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This study was carried out to estimate the prevalence and potential for human infectivity of Giardia cysts in Canadian drinking water supplies. The presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts was also noted, but isolates were not collected for further study. A total of 1,760 raw water samples, treated water samples, and raw sewage samples were collected from 72(More)
Several outbreaks of waterborne giardiasis have occurred in southern Canada, but nothing has been reported from the Canadian North. The objective of this study was to collect information relevant to waterborne giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis in the Yukon including epidemiological data and analyses of water, sewage, and animal fecal samples. Remote,(More)
Giardia lamblia which parasitize humans belong to either of two genotypes, A or B, based on specific signature sequences in the 5' end of the small subunit (16S) ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene. These two genotypes also were found in cysts from fecal samples of animal origin such as dogs, cats, some farm animals and wild animals. In addition, trophozoites(More)
A survey of potential hosts of Giardia spp. was carried out during 1982 and 1983 in the Kananaskis Valley and Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada. Diagnosis was based mainly on fecal analysis but a few animals were examined at necropsy and scrapings from the small intestine analyzed. A total of 304 specimens was examined from humans (Homo sapiens L.) and a(More)
Mongolian gerbils were used as an animal model to excyst and host Giardia spp. isolated from meadow voles, dogs, beavers, and humans. Both cysts and trophozoites were used to establish infections. Gerbils were infected with Giardia duodenalis from beaver, dog, and human sources, and the trophozoites were extracted and cultured in Diamond TYI-S-33 medium.(More)
This study measured the effect of germicidal ultraviolet (UV) light on Giardia lamblia and Giardia muris cysts, as determined by their infectivity in Mongolian gerbils and CD-1 mice, respectively. Reduction of cyst infectivity due to UV exposure was quantified by applying most probable number techniques. Controlled bench-scale, collimated-beam tests exposed(More)
Despite the problems associated with analyzing water samples for Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts, the data can be very useful if their strengths and weaknesses are understood. Two municipalities in northern Ontario, Temagami and Thunder Bay, both issued boil water advisories for Giardia contamination. Data from these two cities are compared to(More)
The bacteriology and heterotrophic activity of a stream and of nearby groundwater in Marmot Basin, Alberta, Canada, were studied. Acridine orange direct counts indicated that bacterial populations in the groundwater were greater than in the stream. Bacteria that were isolated from the groundwater were similar to species associated with soils. Utilization of(More)
This study was conducted to assess the prevalence and zoonotic potential of giardiasis in domestic ruminants. Prevalence of infection was 17.7% in sheep and 10.4% in cattle and was significantly higher in lambs and calves (35.6% and 27.7%, respectively). Naturally infected lambs released cysts intermittently for months. Giardia trophozoites from sheep had(More)
Giardia duodenalis is a common intestinal parasite in most parts of the world. In Canada it is associated with both endemic and epidemic infections that are often transmitted by the waterborne route. Although G. duodenalis strains have been isolated from several animals, the role of other mammals in human infection is unclear. We have isolated and cultured(More)