Peter M.-U. Ung

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Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is a highly conserved molecular chaperone that plays multiple roles in protein homeostasis. In these various tasks, the activity of Hsp70 is shaped by interactions with co-chaperones, such as Hsp40. The Hsp40 family of co-chaperones binds to Hsp70 through a conserved J-domain, and these factors stimulate ATPase and(More)
The Escherichia coli 70-kDa heat shock protein, DnaK, is a molecular chaperone that engages in a variety of cellular activities, including the folding of proteins. During this process, DnaK binds its substrates in coordination with a catalytic ATPase cycle. Both the ATPase and protein folding activities of DnaK are stimulated by its co-chaperones, DnaJ and(More)
DnaK is a molecular chaperone responsible for multiple aspects of bacterial proteostasis. The intrinsically slow ATPase activity of DnaK is stimulated by its co-chaperone, DnaJ, and these proteins often work in concert. To identify inhibitors we screened plant-derived extracts against a reconstituted mixture of DnaK and DnaJ. This approach resulted in the(More)
Inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha modulate a transcription factor cascade in the liver to induce and sustain an acute and systemic defense against foreign entities. The transcription factors involved include NF-kappaB, STAT, and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP). Whether the NFAT group of transcription factors(More)
A novel mechanism of inhibiting HIV-1 protease (HIVp) is presented. Using computational solvent mapping to identify complementary interactions and the Multiple Protein Structure method to incorporate protein flexibility, we generated a receptor-based pharmacophore model of the flexible flap region of the semiopen, apo state of HIVp. Complementary(More)
NMR and MD simulations have demonstrated that the flaps of HIV-1 protease (HIV-1p) adopt a range of conformations that are coupled with its enzymatic activity. Previously, a model was created for an allosteric site located between the flap and the core of HIV-1p, called the Eye site (Biopolymers 2008, 89, 643-652). Here, results from our first study were(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the self-assembly of amyloid beta (Aβ) peptides. Recent models implicate some of the earliest Aβ oligomers, such as trimers and tetramers, in disease. However, the roles of these structures remain uncertain, in part, because selective probes of their formation are not available. Toward that goal, we generated(More)
Mixed-solvent molecular dynamics (MixMD) simulations use full protein flexibility and competition between water and small organic probes to achieve accurate hot-spot mapping on protein surfaces. In this study, we improved MixMD using human immunodeficiency virus type-1 protease (HIVp) as the test case. We used three probe-water solutions(More)
C ombination therapy that includes inhibitors of HIV-1 protease (HIVp) are necessary to treat HIV-infected patients. Currently, there are eight peptidic and two nonpeptidic drugs on the market that competitively bind in the active site and inhibit HIVp by mimicking substrates and the transition state of peptide cleavage. The discovery of novel inhibitors is(More)
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