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Concentration of urine in mammals is regulated by the antidiuretic hormone vasopressin. Binding of vasopressin to its V2 receptor leads to the insertion of water channels in apical membranes of principal cells in collecting ducts. In nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI), the kidney fails to concentrate urine in response to vasopressin. A male patient with(More)
Autosomal recessive and dominant nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI), a disease in which the kidney is unable to concentrate urine in response to vasopressin, are caused by mutations in the aquaporin-2 (AQP2) gene. Missense AQP2 proteins in recessive NDI have been shown to be retarded in the endoplasmic reticulum, whereas AQP2-E258K, an AQP2 mutant in(More)
Mutations in the aquaporin-2 (AQP2) water channel gene cause autosomal recessive nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI). Here we report the first patient with an autosomal dominant form of NDI, which is caused by a G866A transition in the AQP2 gene of one allele, resulting in a E258K substitution in the C-tail of AQP2. To define the molecular cause of NDI in(More)
The functions of major intrinsic protein (MIP) of lens are still unresolved; however the sequence homology with channel-forming integral membrane protein (CHIP) and other Aquaporins suggests that MIP is a water channel. Immunolocalizations confirmed that Xenopus oocytes injected with bovine MIP cRNA express the protein and target it to the plasma membrane.(More)
Congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is a recessive hereditary disorder characterized by the inability of the kidney to concentrate urine in response to vasopressin. Recently, we reported mutations in the gene encoding the water channel of the collecting duct, aquaporin-2 (AQP-2) causing an autosomal recessive form of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus(More)
Epigenetic reprogramming of myeloid cells, also known as trained immunity, confers nonspecific protection from secondary infections. Using histone modification profiles of human monocytes trained with the Candida albicans cell wall constituent β-glucan, together with a genome-wide transcriptome, we identified the induced expression of genes involved in(More)
Water transport across the mammalian collecting tubule is regulated by vasopressin-dependent aquaporin-2 insertion into and retrieval from the apical cell membrane. To establish a cell line that properly expresses aquaporin-2 and its hormone-dependent shuttling, Madin-Darby canine kidney cells were stably transfected with an aquaporin-2 expression(More)
Mutations in the X-chromosomal V2 receptor gene are known to cause nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI). Besides the X-linked form, an autosomal mode of inheritance has been described. Recently, mutations in the autosomal gene coding for water-channel aquaporin 2 (AQP2) of the renal collecting duct were reported in an NDI patient. In the present study,(More)
Aquaporin-2 (AQP2) water channel mutations cause autosomal recessive and dominant nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Expressed in oocytes, a mutant in dominant (AQP2-E258K), but not in recessive (AQP2-R187C), NDI conferred a specific dominant-negative effect (DNE) on wild-type (WT) AQP2 water permeability (P(f)) but only at low expression levels. Here, we(More)
Aquaporins are integral membrane proteins, which function as specialized water channels to facilitate the passage of water through the cell membrane. In mammals six different aquaporins have been identified up to now, four of which (aquaporin-1 to aquaporin-4) are expressed in the kidney. Because of its importance for normal water homeostasis and its(More)