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As a typical product of microbial metabolism, the weak acid acetate is well known for its cytotoxic effects. In contrast to most other microbes, the so-called acetic acid bacteria can acquire significant resistance to high acetate concentrations when properly adapted to such hostile conditions. To characterize the molecular events that are associated with(More)
The assumption of strongly ignorable treatment assignment is required for eliminating selection bias in observational studies. To meet this assumption, researchers often rely on a strategy of selecting covariates that they think will control for selection bias. Theory indicates that the most important covariates are those highly correlated with both the(More)
Elevated concentrations of cytotoxic acetate are found in many environmental niches, and few species are relatively resistant to acetate. In particular the high-level acetate resistance of so-called acetic acid bacteria that occurs in industrial settings must be constantly selected for. To investigate the nature of such high-level resistance, we grew the(More)
Increased resistance to several weak organic acids was conferred on Escherichia coli by overexpression of the ATP-dependent helicase RecG and, to a lesser extent, by overexpressing the helicase RuvAB. This property of helicases was identified by reproducible selection of recG-bearing clones from genomic libraries of the acetate-resistant species Acetobacter(More)
Longevity and morbidity and death from myocardial infarction were examined in eight kindreds with familial hypobeta lipoproteinemia and in 18 kindreds with familial hyperalpha lipoproteinemia. Expectation of life for males and females from kindreds with hypobeta lipoproteinemia was 9 and 12 years longer (p less than or equal to 0.002) than that indicated by(More)
Ten chlorinated hydrocarbons (tetradifon, Chlorobenzilate, Kepone, lindane, Kelthane, toxaphene, dieldrin, hexachlorobenzene, dienochlor, and Aroclor 1254; see below) were evaluated in rats to assess agents which might selectively elevate high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (C-HDL). Single, nontoxic doses of Aroclor, dieldrin, and Kepone elevated C-HDL at(More)
In this article, we review past studies comparing randomized experiments to regression discontinuity designs, mostly finding similar results, but with significant exceptions. The latter might be due to potential confounds of study characteristics with assignment method or with failure to estimate the same parameter over methods. In this study, we correct(More)