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In addition to walking, essential activities of daily living include the ability to rise from a seated position and sit from a standing position. Although many high-quality studies have been performed on these common functional tasks, the objective of the current research is to quantify symmetry indices (SI) of ground reaction force (GRF) and(More)
The extensor digitorum communis (ED) is a slender muscle group in the dorsal forearm from which tendons arise to the index (D2), medius (D3), ring (D4), and little (D5) fingers. Limited independence has been attributed to the parts that actuate the individual fingers. However, in a detailed anatomical analysis, it was found that the ED parts to the(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the presence and temporal relationship between back pain and knee osteoarthritis (OA). All subjects were candidates for unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to relieve knee pain related to OA, and information regarding the prevalence of back pain was collected via questionnaires. A total of 42 subjects with(More)
Twelve healthy, male Army recruits performed three, 40-min treadmill marches at 6 km/h, under three load carriage conditions: 0%-body weight (BW) backpack load, 15%-BW load and 30%-BW load. Kinematic and kinetic data were obtained, immediately before and after each treadmill march, for computing ankle, knee and hip joint rotations and moments. Metabolic(More)
The purpose of this paper is to present wavelet-based noise removal (WBNR) techniques to remove noise from biomechanical acceleration signals obtained from numerical differentiation of displacement data. Manual and semiautomatic methods were used to determine thresholds for both orthogonal and biorthogonal filters. This study also compares the performance(More)
Individuals with anterior cruciate ligament deficiency typically do not have quadriceps activity during stance. This aberrant pattern has been termed "quadriceps avoidance" gait. We performed gait analysis during walking on 10 normal controls and 10 subjects 8 to 12 months after they had anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using autogenous middle(More)
BACKGROUND The authors have shown that rats can be retrained to swim after a moderately severe thoracic spinal cord contusion. They also found that improvements in body position and hindlimb activity occurred rapidly over the first 2 weeks of training, reaching a plateau by week 4. Overground walking was not influenced by swim training, suggesting that(More)
The human finger contains tendon/ligament mechanisms essential for proper control. One mechanism couples the movements of the interphalangeal joints when the (unloaded) finger is flexed with active deep flexor. This study's aim was to accurately determine in a large finger sample the kinematics and variability of the coupled interphalangeal joint motions,(More)
In this study, a finite element (FE) model of a below-knee prosthesis of patellar tendon-bearing (PTB) design, and several altered variations of the model have been constructed. A load of approximately 1.5 times normal body weight (984 N) was applied at the heel of the model to simulate heelstrike conditions. The "base" model was then analyzed and revised(More)
A proprioception measurement system was designed and constructed to evaluate lower-limb knee joint proprioception in ten above-knee amputees. The system permitted the testing of subjects in a position simulating late swing phase of gait. The threshold for detection of slow passive motion and the ability to reproduce specified lower-limb positions were(More)