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An energy efficiency comparison of conventional path protection schemes for fixed-grid WDM and flexible-grid OFDM-based networks has been carried out. The survivable elastic network with SP scheme was found to offer the best energy efficiency per GHz at any traffic load value. Introduction Telecommunications operators are continuously exploring new(More)
Keywords: Cost evaluation Elastic optical networks Energy efficiency Flexible-grid networks Flexible rate transponders Optical OFDM Protection schemes Routing and wavelength assignment Routing Modulation level and spectrum allocation a b s t r a c t The ever-increasing Internet traffic demand introduces new challenges for telecommunications carriers.(More)
Currently, the need for “greener” telecommunication networks is stimulating research efforts to find new solutions to cope with power consumption and sustainability issues. Exploiting the potential of optical Wavelength Division Multiplexed (WDM) networks for this purpose has been identified as an attractive approach. However, the traditional(More)
— We have compared the total cost of an innovative elastic network with respect to the conventional WDM ones operating in realistic network scenarios. The results give an insight of the cost benefits that can be obtained with an elastic OFDM-based network for the operation of future optical transport networks with different protection schemes.
Spatial division multiplexing has been proposed as an option for further capacity increase of transmission fibers. Application of this concept is attractive only, if cost and energy efficient implementations can be found. In this work, optical amplification and optical filter based signal processing concepts are investigated. Deployment of multi mode fibers(More)
—We show that spectral inversion can be employed for regeneration to reduce the effect of phase noise (Gordon–Mollenauer phase noise) in a nonreturn-to-zero differential phase-shift-keying based transmission system. Several locations of the spectral inverter in an eight-span transmission link have been investigated. We show that the best results are(More)
We propose a novel online physical-layer impairment-aware routing algorithm taking into account a minimum quality of transmission (QoT) constraint, which must be satisfied in all cases, even if the network load is changing, and new channels are activated. Our online constraint-based routing (CBR) algorithm considers the actual network load to get a more(More)
In this paper, different amplification strategies are evaluated to improve the cost efficiency per GHz (CEPG) of WDM mixed-line-rate networks with 40G/100G/200G/400G in a nation-wide network topology. Significant improvements in CEPG and overall capacity increases can be achieved by the selective placement of additional in-line amplifiers. Placing(More)