Learn More
In this study, a novel partially parallel acquisition (PPA) method is presented which can be used to accelerate image acquisition using an RF coil array for spatial encoding. This technique, GeneRalized Autocalibrating Partially Parallel Acquisitions (GRAPPA) is an extension of both the PILS and VD-AUTO-SMASH reconstruction techniques. As in those previous(More)
We have recently identified T cells as important mediators of ischemic brain damage, but the contribution of the different T-cell subsets is unclear. Forkhead box P3 (FoxP3)-positive regulatory T cells (Tregs) are generally regarded as prototypic anti-inflammatory cells that maintain immune tolerance and counteract tissue damage in a variety of(More)
Congenital heart defects affect almost 1% of human newborns. Recently, mutations in Notch ligands and receptors have been found to cause a variety of heart defects in rodents and humans. However, the molecular effects downstream of Notch are still poorly understood. Here we report that combined inactivation of Hey1 and HeyL, two primary target genes of(More)
The impact of individual differences on human reward processing has been a focus of research in recent years, particularly, as they are associated with a variety of neuropsychiatric diseases including addiction and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Studies exploring the neural basis of individual differences in reward sensitivity have consistently(More)
A quiet magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique for detecting changes in cerebral activity functions is presented. This single-shot method, functional Burst imaging (FBI), combines elements of Burst imaging with an offset technique known as asymmetric spin echo (ASE). The FBI sequence has the unique feature of being nearly silent, because of the low(More)
In this study a novel partially parallel acquisition method is presented, which can be used to accelerate image acquisition using an RF coil array for spatial encoding. In this technique, Parallel Imaging with Localized Sensitivities (PILS), it is assumed that the individual coils in the array have localized sensitivity patterns, in that their sensitivity(More)
Fast imaging methods and the availability of required hardware for magnetic resonance tomography (MRT) have significantly reduced acquisition times from about an hour down to several minutes or seconds. With this development over the last 20 years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become one of the most important instruments in clinical diagnosis. In(More)
Recently a self-calibrating SMASH technique, AUTO-SMASH, was described. This technique is based on PPA with RF coil arrays using auto-calibration signals. In AUTO-SMASH, important coil sensitivity information required for successful SMASH reconstruction is obtained during the actual scan using the correlation between undersampled SMASH signal data and(More)
In all current parallel imaging techniques, aliasing artifacts resulting from an undersampled acquisition are removed by means of a specialized image reconstruction algorithm. In this study a new approach termed "controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration" (CAIPIRINHA) is presented. This technique modifies the appearance of(More)
Current parallel imaging techniques for accelerated imaging require a fully encoded reference data set to estimate the spatial coil sensitivity information needed for reconstruction. In dynamic parallel imaging a time-interleaved acquisition scheme can be used, which eliminates the need for separately acquiring additional reference data, since the signal(More)