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In this study, a novel partially parallel acquisition (PPA) method is presented which can be used to accelerate image acquisition using an RF coil array for spatial encoding. This technique, GeneRalized Autocalibrating Partially Parallel Acquisitions (GRAPPA) is an extension of both the PILS and VD-AUTO-SMASH reconstruction techniques. As in those previous(More)
The impact of individual differences on human reward processing has been a focus of research in recent years, particularly, as they are associated with a variety of neuropsychiatric diseases including addiction and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Studies exploring the neural basis of individual differences in reward sensitivity have consistently(More)
A quiet magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique for detecting changes in cerebral activity functions is presented. This single-shot method, functional Burst imaging (FBI), combines elements of Burst imaging with an offset technique known as asymmetric spin echo (ASE). The FBI sequence has the unique feature of being nearly silent, because of the low(More)
Fast imaging methods and the availability of required hardware for magnetic resonance tomography (MRT) have significantly reduced acquisition times from about an hour down to several minutes or seconds. With this development over the last 20 years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become one of the most important instruments in clinical diagnosis. In(More)
Recently a self-calibrating SMASH technique, AUTO-SMASH, was described. This technique is based on PPA with RF coil arrays using auto-calibration signals. In AUTO-SMASH, important coil sensitivity information required for successful SMASH reconstruction is obtained during the actual scan using the correlation between undersampled SMASH signal data and(More)
Current parallel imaging techniques for accelerated imaging require a fully encoded reference data set to estimate the spatial coil sensitivity information needed for reconstruction. In dynamic parallel imaging a time-interleaved acquisition scheme can be used, which eliminates the need for separately acquiring additional reference data, since the signal(More)
In all current parallel imaging techniques, aliasing artifacts resulting from an undersampled acquisition are removed by means of a specialized image reconstruction algorithm. In this study a new approach termed "controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration" (CAIPIRINHA) is presented. This technique modifies the appearance of(More)
In this work a theoretical description for practical quantitative estimation of the noise enhancement in generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions (GRAPPA) reconstructions, equivalent to the geometry (g)-factor in sensitivity encoding for fast MRI (SENSE) reconstructions, is described. The GRAPPA g-factor is derived directly from the(More)
A novel procedure is proposed to extract T(1), T(2), and relative spin density from the signal time course sampled with a series of TrueFISP images after spin inversion. Generally, the recovery of the magnetization during continuous TrueFISP imaging can be described in good approximation by a three parameter monoexponential function S(t) = S(stst)(1-INV(More)
Parallel imaging is one of the most promising developments in recent years for the acceleration of MR acquisitions. One area of practical importance where different parallel imaging methods perform differently is the manner in which they deal with aliasing in the full-FOV reconstructed image. It has been reported that sensitivity encoding (SENSE)(More)