Peter M. Irving

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OBJECTIVES Despite increased prescription of a gluten-free diet for gastrointestinal symptoms in individuals who do not have celiac disease, there is minimal evidence that suggests that gluten is a trigger. The aims of this study were to determine whether gluten ingestion can induce symptoms in non-celiac individuals and to examine the mechanism. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Reduction of short-chain poorly absorbed carbohydrates (FODMAPs) in the diet reduces symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In the present study, we aimed to compare the patterns of breath hydrogen and methane and symptoms produced in response to diets that differed only in FODMAP content. METHODS Fifteen healthy subjects and 15(More)
AIM To determine whether Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (Yakult) can alter small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), as tested by the lactulose breath test, and whether this is associated with changes in symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS 18 patients with IBS (Rome II criteria), who showed an early rise in breath hydrogen with(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging evidence indicates that the consumption of fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) may result in symptoms in some patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The present study aimed to determine whether a low FODMAP diet is effective for symptom control in patients with IBS and to compare its(More)
Preliminary studies indicate that dietary restriction of fermentable short-chain carbohydrates improves symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Prebiotic fructo-oligosaccharides and galacto-oligosaccharides stimulate colonic bifidobacteria. However, the effect of restricting fermentable short-chain carbohydrates on the gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota(More)
BACKGROUND Functional gut symptoms are induced by inclusion and reduced by dietary restriction of poorly absorbed short-chain carbohydrates (FODMAPs), but the mechanisms of action remain untested. AIMS To determine the effect of dietary FODMAPs on the content of water and fermentable substrates of ileal effluent. METHODS Twelve ileostomates without(More)
BACKGROUND Fructose malabsorption, lactose malabsorption and an early rise in breath hydrogen after lactulose (ERBHAL) may play roles in induction of symptoms in gastrointestinal conditions. AIM To compare prevalence and interactions of fructose malabsorption, lactose malabsorption and ERBHAL among healthy subjects and those with chronic intestinal(More)
Interaction between thrombosis and inflammation is increasingly recognized. With this, interest has arisen in the role of thrombosis in inflammatory conditions, including the inflammatory bowel diseases. Although the association between active inflammatory bowel disease and thromboembolic complications has long been known, there has been a resurgence in(More)
BACKGROUND Corticosteroids are a well-established treatment for active Crohn's disease and have been widely used for decades. It has become apparent, however, that a proportion of patients either fails to respond to corticosteroids or is unable to withdraw from them without relapsing. Furthermore, their use is associated with a range of side effects, such(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating concentrations of 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6-TGN) and 6-methyl mercaptopurine (6-MMP) are associated with thiopurine efficacy and may predict toxicity. This study aimed to examine retrospectively the utility of measuring metabolite concentrations in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who had continuing symptoms despite(More)