Peter M Chesters

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Available evidence suggests that BK virus (BKV) and JC virus (JCV) persist in the kidneys of healthy individuals after primary infection and may reactivate when the host's immune response is impaired. Data supporting this hypothesis are presented. A previous study had shown BKV to be present in the kidneys of eight (57%) of 14 subjects. In the present(More)
Evidence has accumulated indicating that BK virus, following an inapparent primary infection, persists in the renal organs of normal healthy individuals and reactivates upon immunosuppression. Data to support this hypothesis are presented and suggest that BK virus DNA sequences are present at very low levels in the kidneys of more than 50% of the population(More)
Herpesvirus of turkey (HVT) is an alphaherpesvirus that is widely used as a live vaccine against Marek's disease because of its antigenic relationship with Marek's disease virus (MDV). In spite of a similar genome structure, HVT has several unique genes, the functions of which are not completely understood. As a first step in carrying out detailed analysis(More)
Results from Southern hybridization and PCR amplification experiments using a randomly synthesized reverse transcription-PCR product showed that peripheral blood leukocytes from horses showing no clinical signs of disease expressed a putative latency-associated transcript antisense to and overlapping the 3' end of the equid herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1)(More)
Among the six envelope subgroups of avian leukosis virus (ALV) that infect chickens, subgroups A (ALV-A) and J (ALV-J) are the most pathogenic and widespread among commercial chicken populations. While ALV-A is predominantly associated with lymphoid leukosis (LL) and less frequently with erythroblastosis (EB), ALV-J mainly induces tumours of the myeloid(More)
Avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J), the most recent member of the avian retroviruses, is predominantly associated with myeloid leukosis in meat-type chickens. We have previously demonstrated that the acutely transforming virus strain 966, isolated from an ALV-J-induced tumor, transformed peripheral blood monocyte and bone marrow cells in vitro and(More)
The frequency of human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 in premalignant and malignant lesions of the cervix was investigated and compared with the detection of HPV type 6. In cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grades I-III HPV 6 was detected in 28% and HPV 16 in 62% of patients whereas 90% of malignant lesions contained HPV 16 only. In the CIN lesions(More)
Among the six subgroups of Avian leukosis virus (ALV) that infect chickens, subgroup J (ALV-J) was isolated from meat-type chickens where it predominantly induces myeloid leukosis (ML) and erythroblastosis (EB). The sequence of HPRS-103, the ALV-J prototype virus, shows several distinct features, one of which is the presence of a distinct hairpin stem-loop(More)
The E7 open reading frame of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) encodes a protein that can immortalize primary rat cells, cooperate with the ras oncoprotein to transform low passage rat cells and transform established rodent cells to anchorage independence. The immortalizing and cooperation functions have been investigated using a series of point(More)
Using a focus assay we have shown that the entire human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) genome is capable of cooperating with an activated ras oncogene to transform secondary rat embryo fibroblast (REF) cells as indicated by focus formation of unselected cells. However, this assay failed to detect any similar activity with either the whole HPV-6 genome or(More)