Peter M. Bungay

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Evidence from the peritoneal dialysis literature suggests that the peritoneal permeability of a number of hydrophilic anticancer drugs may be considerably less than plasma clearance. Pharmacokinetic calculations indicate that such drugs administered ip in large volumes are expected to maintain a significantly greater concentration in the peritoneal space(More)
A mathematical framework was developed to provide a quantitative basis for either in vivo tissue or in vitro microdialysis. Established physiological and mass transport principles were employed to obtain explicit expressions relating dialysate concentration to tissue extracellular concentration for in vivo applications or external medium concentrations for(More)
Many decisions in drug development and medical practice are based on measuring blood concentrations of endogenous and exogenous molecules. Yet most biochemical and pharmacological events take place in the tissues. Also, most drugs with few notable exceptions exert their effects not within the bloodstream, but in defined target tissues into which drugs have(More)
Although microdialysis is widely used to sample endogenous and exogenous substances in vivo, interpretation of the results obtained by this technique remains controversial. The goal of the present study was to examine recent criticism of microdialysis in the specific case of dopamine (DA) measurements in the brain extracellular microenvironment. The(More)
PURPOSE The safety and pharmacokinetics of a triamcinolone acetonide (TA) preservative-free (TA-PF) formulation were investigated after intravitreal administration in rabbits. METHODS A TA-PF formulation was prepared as a sterile 40-mg/mL or 160-mg/mL suspension in single-use vials by adding TA powder to 0.5% hydroxypropyl methylcellulose in normal(More)
One of the major problems in angiogenesis research remains the lack of suitable methods for quantifying the angiogenic response in vivo. We describe the development and application of the directed in vivo angiogenesis assay (DIVAA) and demonstrated that it is reproducible and quantitative. This assay consists of subcutaneous implantation of semiclosed(More)
The lateral intercellular spaces (LIS) of reabsorptive epithelia are the site of the proposed local osmotic gradient responsible for transepithelial transport. We developed techniques for loading the LIS of living cultured renal cells (MDCK and LLC-PK1) with the fluorescent dye 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF), visualizing LIS(More)
A 3-dimensional finite element model was developed to simulate pharmacokinetics in the eye following drug administration by intravitreal injection and implant for the treatment of retinal disease. The contributions of (1) convection to the transport of drug through the vitreous and aqueous humor and (2) diffusion of drug in the vitreous were varied to study(More)
A number of investigators are using the quantitative no-net-flux microdialysis technique to monitor basal neurotransmitter dynamics in discrete brain regions of behaving animals. The predictive validity of the probe extraction fraction (Ed) for quantifying decreases in the rate of dopamine (DA) clearance from the extracellular space is well documented. It(More)
The concentration-related effects of ethanol on extracellular dopamine (DA) in rat striatum were studied by direct perfusion through microdialysis probes in freely moving rats. Two sets of three ethanol concentrations were separately tested using a Latin square experimental design. Potassium stimulation with high potassium (50 mM) in artificial CSF (ACSF)(More)