Peter M. A. Calverley

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BACKGROUND Inhaled long-acting beta2 agonists improve lung function and health status in symptomatic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), whereas inhaled corticosteroids reduce the frequency of acute episodes of symptom exacerbation and delay deterioration in health status. We postulated that a combination of these treatments would be better than(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effect of long term inhaled corticosteroids on lung function, exacerbations, and health status in patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. DESIGN Double blind, placebo controlled study. SETTING Eighteen UK hospitals. PARTICIPANTS 751 men and women aged between 40 and 75 years with mean forced(More)
BACKGROUND The phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor roflumilast can improve lung function and prevent exacerbations in certain patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We therefore investigated whether roflumilast would reduce the frequency of exacerbations requiring corticosteroids in patients with COPD. METHODS In two placebo-controlled,(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex condition with pulmonary and extra-pulmonary manifestations. This study describes the heterogeneity of COPD in a large and well characterised and controlled COPD cohort (ECLIPSE). METHODS We studied 2164 clinically stable COPD patients, 337 smokers with normal lung function and 245 never(More)
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) experience severe sleep disruption and consequent daytime sleepiness. Current arousal scoring criteria show that some obstructive apneic events do not end in a recognizable cortical electroencephalographic (EEG) arousal. It is not known whether events that end in an obvious EEG arousal differ from those that do(More)
BACKGROUND Because chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous condition, the identification of specific clinical phenotypes is key to developing more effective therapies. To explore if the persistence of systemic inflammation is associated with poor clinical outcomes in COPD we assessed patients recruited to the well-characterized(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have few options for treatment. The efficacy and safety of the phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor roflumilast have been investigated in studies of patients with moderate-to-severe COPD, but not in those concomitantly treated with longacting inhaled bronchodilators. The effect of roflumilast on(More)
BACKGROUND The role of oral corticosteroids in treating patients with exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains contentious. We assessed in a prospective, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial the effects of oral corticosteroid therapy in patients with exacerbations of COPD requiring hospital admission. METHODS We(More)
RATIONALE Accurate prediction of mortality helps select patients for interventions aimed at improving outcome. OBJECTIVES Because chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is characterized by low-grade systemic inflammation, we hypothesized that addition of inflammatory biomarkers to established predictive factors will improve accuracy. METHODS A total of(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Tobacco smoking is established as a major risk factor, but emerging evidence suggests that other risk factors are important, especially in developing countries. An estimated 25-45% of patients with COPD have never smoked; the burden of non-smoking COPD is(More)