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BACKGROUND The functional relevance of an intact pulmonary sympathetic innervation for airway resistance is unknown. We therefore evaluated whether or not pulmonary sympathetic denervation by(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative monitoring of the spinal cord via cortical somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEP) is a routine during spinal surgery. However, especially in neuromuscular scoliosis, the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Preemptive analgesia often failed in the clinical arena because application of a single intravenously applied drug may not prevent nociceptive input and spinal pain(More)