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The peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor or recognition site (PBR) is a widely distributed transmembrane protein that is located mainly in the outer mitochondrial membrane. The PBR binds to high-affinity drug ligands and cholesterol. Many functions are associated directly or indirectly with the PBR, including the regulation of cholesterol transport and(More)
The mitochondrial 18kDa peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR), a high affinity cholesterol binding protein, has been shown to interact with protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) and this interaction was assumed to be involved in the regulation of heme biosynthesis and porphyrin-based photodynamic therapy in cancer. In order to test this hypothesis recombinant(More)
A key element in the regulation of mammalian steroid biosynthesis is the 18 kDa peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR), which mediates mitochondrial cholesterol import. PBR also possess an affinity to the tetrapyrrole metabolite protoporphyrin. The bacterial homolog to the mammalian PBR, the Rhodobacter TspO (CrtK) protein, was shown to be involved(More)
Lanatoside 15'-O-acetylesterase (LAE) from in-vitro-cultivated cells of Digitalis lanata Ehrh. was isolated and partially sequenced. The enzyme was extracted with citrate buffer from acetone dry powder. It was purified in a two-step chromatographical procedure including Phenyl Sepharose hydrophobic interaction chromatography followed by CM Sepharose(More)
Maize (Zea mays L.) leaves damaged by lepidopteran herbivores emit a complex volatile blend that can attract natural enemies of the herbivores and may also have roles in direct defense and inter- or intra-plant signaling. The volatile blend is dominated by sesquiterpenes of which the majority is produced by two herbivore-induced terpene synthases, TPS10 and(More)
Delta(5)-3beta-Etaydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (Delta(5)-3beta-HSD; EC, an enzyme converting pregn-5-ene-3beta-ol-20-one (pregnenolone) to pregn-5-ene-3,20-dione (isoprogesterone), was isolated from the soluble fraction of suspension-cultured cells of Digitalis lanata L. strain VIII. Starting with acetone dry powder the enzyme was purified in(More)
Defensive secretions of adult and larval Suocerathrips linguis (Phlaeothripidae, Thysanoptera) were found to contain a long-chained acetate, (11Z)-11,19-eicosadienyl acetate, that was not previously known to occur naturally. This substance occurred together with octadecyl acetate and other long-chained acetates. The eicosadienyl acetate repels ants and(More)
Adults and larvae of the thrips Callococcithrips fuscipennis (Moulton) (Thysanoptera: Tubulifera: Phlaeothripidae) live in the sticky wax masses of adult females of the felt scale insect Callococcus acaciae (Maskell) (Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea: Eriococcidae). The scale is sessile and feeds on Kunzea shrubs (Myrtales: Myrtaceae). If stressed, the thrips(More)
A three-step chromatographic procedure was developed for purification of cardenolide 16'-O-glucohydrolase (CGH) from Digitalis lanata Ehrh. leaves, including Phenyl-Sepharose hydrophobic interaction chromatography followed by SP-Sepharose cation exchange and Q-Sepharose anion-exchange chromatography. Starting with acetone dry powder the purification(More)
In plants androstanes, estranes, pregnanes and corticoids have been described. Sometimes 17β-estradiol, androsterone, testosterone or progesterone were summarized as sex hormones. These steroids influence plant development: cell divisions, root and shoot growth, embryo growth, flowering, pollen tube growth and callus proliferation. First reports on the(More)