Peter Liljeström

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Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) produced during viral replication is believed to be the critical trigger for activation of antiviral immunity mediated by the RNA helicase enzymes retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) and melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5). We showed that influenza A virus infection does not generate dsRNA and that RIG-I is(More)
We have developed a novel DNA expression system, based on the Semliki Forest virus (SFV) replicon, which combines a wide choice of animal cell hosts, high efficiency and ease of use. DNA of interest is cloned into SFV plasmid vectors that serve as templates for in vitro synthesis of recombinant RNA. The RNA is transfected with virtually 100% efficiency into(More)
Cross-presentation of cell-associated antigens plays an important role in regulating CD8+ T cell responses to proteins that are not expressed by antigen-presenting cells (APCs). Dendritic cells are the principal cross-presenting APCs in vivo and much progress has been made in elucidating the pathways that allow dendritic cells to capture and process(More)
Alphavirus expression systems based on suicidal virus particles carrying recombinant replicons have proven to be a very efficient way to deliver genes for heterologous protein expression. However, present strategies for production of such particles have biosafety limitations due to the generation, by RNA recombination, of replication-proficient viruses(More)
Alphavirus infection results in the shutoff of host protein synthesis in favor of viral translation. Here, we show that during Semliki Forest virus (SFV) infection, the translation inhibition is largely due to the activation of the cellular stress response via phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2alpha subunit (eIF2alpha). Infection(More)
We report on the construction of a full-length cDNA clone of Semliki Forest virus (SFV). By placing the cDNA under the SP6 promoter, infectious RNA can be produced in vitro and used to transfect cells to initiate virus infection. To achieve efficient transfections, a new protocol for electroporation of RNA was developed. This method gave up to 500-fold(More)
In the recently developed Semliki Forest virus (SFV) DNA expression system, recombinant RNA encoding the viral replicase, and helper RNA molecules encoding the structural proteins needed for virus assembly are cotransfected into cells. Since the helper RNA lacks the sequence needed for its packaging into nucleocapsids, only recombinant RNAs should be(More)
The budding of enveloped viruses from cellular membranes is believed to be dependent on the specific interaction between transmembrane spike proteins and cytoplasmic core components of the virus. We found that the cytoplasmic domain of the E2 transmembrane spike glycoprotein of Semliki Forest virus contains two essential determinants which are absolutely(More)
We describe a DNA vaccine strategy that allows antigens to be produced in vivo in the context of an alphaviral replicon. Mice immunized with such vectors developed humoral and cellular immune responses at higher levels than mice that received a conventional DNA vaccine vector. Immunized animals acquired protective immunity to lethal influenza challenge.(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease and helicase encompasses the nonstructural (NS) 3 protein and the cofactor NS4A, which targets the NS3/4A-complex to intracellular membranes. We here evaluate the importance of NS4A in NS3-based genetic immunogens. A full-length genotype 1 NS3/4A gene was cloned into a eucaryotic expression vector in the form of NS3/4A(More)