Peter Liljeroth

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Colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals become increasingly important in materials science and technology, due to their optoelectronic properties that are tunable by size. The measurement and understanding of their energy levels is key to scientific and technological progress. Here we review how the confined electronic orbitals and related energy levels of(More)
We review the fascinating research on charge transport through switchable molecules. In the past decade, detailed investigations have been performed on a great variety of molecular switches, including mechanically interlocked switches (rotaxanes and catenanes), redox-active molecules and photochromic switches (e.g. azobenzenes and diarylethenes). To probe(More)
Resolving individual atoms has always been the ultimate goal of surface microscopy. The scanning tunneling microscope images atomic-scale features on surfaces, but resolving single atoms within an adsorbed molecule remains a great challenge because the tunneling current is primarily sensitive to the local electron density of states close to the Fermi level.(More)
The bistability in the position of the two hydrogen atoms in the inner cavity of single free-base naphthalocyanine molecules constitutes a two-level system that was manipulated and probed by low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy. When adsorbed on an ultrathin insulating film, the molecules can be switched in a controlled fashion between the two(More)
The quintessence of the hot-injection method, a synthesis route for monodisperse, highly luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals, is reviewed. The separate stages of nucleation and growth of the nanocrystals are discussed in the framework of classical nucleation theory and an equilibrium model proposed by Debye. We also review the numerous adaptations of the(More)
Graphene nanostructures, where quantum confinement opens an energy gap in the band structure, hold promise for future electronic devices. To realize the full potential of these materials, atomic-scale control over the contacts to graphene and the graphene nanostructure forming the active part of the device is required. The contacts should have a high(More)
We review the optical and electrical properties of solids that are composed of semiconductor nanocrystals. Crystals, with dimensions in the nanometre range, of II-VI, IV-VI and III-V compound semiconductors, can be prepared by wet-chemical methods with a remarkable control of their size and shape, and surface chemistry. In the uncharged ground state, such(More)
Frequency modulation atomic force microscopy (AFM) allows the chemical structure of planar molecules to be determined with atomic resolution. Typically, these measurements are carried out in constant-height mode using carbon monoxide (CO) terminated tips. Such tips exhibit considerable flexibility, i.e., the CO molecule can bend laterally due to the(More)
Stable dispersions of molecularlike aggregates of CdTe quantum dots are prepared by chemical cross-linking. Cryo-TEM images confirm the presence of cross-linked quantum dots and show that the size of the small aggregates can be controlled by the amount of cross-linker added. Optical measurements reveal two types of interdot interactions within these(More)