Peter Lichtlen

Learn More
Metal-responsive transcription factor-1 (MTF-1) activates the transcription of metallothionein genes and other target genes in response to heavy metal load and other stresses such as hypoxia and oxidative stress. It also has an essential function during embryogenesis: targeted disruption of Mtf1 in the mouse results in lethal liver degeneration on day 14 of(More)
PURPOSE To compare the relative contribution of VEGF and TNF-alpha in the development of laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in monkeys and to exploit the feasibility of topical use of suitable antibody fragments for the prevention of experimental CNV. METHODS To induce experimental CNV, small high-energy laser spots were used to treat(More)
  • C Günes, R Heuchel, O Georgiev, K H Müller, P Lichtlen, H Blüthmann +13 others
  • 2006
Embryonic lethality and liver degeneration in mice lacking the metal-responsive transcriptional activator MTF-1. Abstract We have shown previously that the heavy metal-responsive transcriptional activator MTF-1 regulates the basal and heavy metal-induced expression of metallothioneins. To investigate the physiological function of MTF-1, we generated null(More)
High morbidity, enormous socioeconomic costs, and lack of specific treatments emphasize the importance of research on protective therapies against Alzheimer's disease. The efficacy of anti-amyloid immunization strategies has been demonstrated preclinically, prompting the design of clinical studies. However, the detailed mechanisms of action of therapeutic(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to characterize ocular penetration pathways of ESBA105, a topically administered single-chain antibody (scFv) against tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, to the anterior and posterior segment of the eye. METHODS Fresh enucleated whole eyes and isolated corneas of rabbits mounted in perfusion chambers were used for ex vivo(More)
Exposure of cells to arsenicals activates multiple stress pathways resulting in the induction of specific genes whose identity and role in the adaptation to arsenical-induced cellular stress are poorly understood. We report here the identification of a novel gene encoding an arsenite-inducible, cysteine- and histidine-rich RNA-associated protein, AIRAP,(More)
We compared embolectomy (when available) with thrombolysis in patients with shock and massive pulmonary embolism. 13 patients were operated on, 10 (77%) of whom survived. The inferior vena cava was routinely clipped. The 24 medically treated patients were given alteplase until systemic and pulmonary artery pressures stabilised and heparin thereafter; 16(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to characterize local distribution and systemic absorption of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha inhibitory single-chain antibody fragment (scFv) ESBA105 following topical administration to the eye in vivo. METHODS Rabbits received ESBA105 as topical eye drops in two dosing regimens. First, pharmacokinetics after(More)
Metal transcription factor-1 (MTF-1) is a ubiquitous transcriptional regulator and chromatin insulator with roles in cellular stress responses and embryonic development. The studies described herein establish for the first time the involvement of MTF-1 in tumor development. Genetically manipulated ras-transformed mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs),(More)
The zinc finger transcription factor MTF-1 is essential for proper response to heavy metal load and other stress conditions in vertebrates, and also contributes to the maintenance of the cellular redox state. Target genes include metallothioneins (MT-I and MT-II) and gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS), an enzyme involved in glutathione(More)
  • 1