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The cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent catabolite repression effect in Escherichia coli is among the most intensely studied regulatory processes in biology. However, the physiological function(s) of cAMP signalling and its molecular triggers remain elusive. Here we use a quantitative physiological approach to show that cAMP signalling tightly coordinates the(More)
In many cell types, bidirectional long-range endosome transport is mediated by the opposing motor proteins dynein and kinesin-3. Here we use a fungal model system to investigate how both motors cooperate in early endosome (EE) motility. It was previously reported that Kin3, a member of the kinesin-3 family, and cytoplasmic dynein mediate bidirectional(More)
  • W J Nellis, N C Holmes, A C Mitchell, D C Hamilton, M Nicol, M Benoit +16 others
  • 1998
of dissociated molecules (and thus of the protonic carriers) increase exponentially across the molecular-ionic cross-over. In the ionic regime all the protons contribute equally to the conductivity, and a further increase in pressure increases the proton mobility without changing the number of carriers. Moving deeper into the planet, the ice core boundary(More)
Type IV pili (T4P) are surface structures that undergo extension/retraction oscillations to generate cell motility. In Myxococcus xanthus, T4P are unipolarly localized and undergo pole-to-pole oscillations synchronously with cellular reversals. We investigated the mechanisms underlying these oscillations. We show that several T4P proteins localize(More)
Synchronization and wave formation in one-dimensional ciliary arrays are studied analytically and numerically. We develop a simple model for ciliary motion that is complex enough to describe well the behavior of beating cilia but simple enough to study collective effects analytically. Beating cilia are described as phase oscillators moving on circular(More)
Wetting and dewetting of structured and imprinted surfaces is discussed from a theoretical point of view. An appropriate separation of length scales is used in order to eliminate irrelevant parameters from the theory. This leads to a general description of the wetting phase which can exhibit various morphologies such as droplets, channels or films. We(More)
Oscillations pervade biological systems at all scales. In bacteria, oscillations control fundamental processes, including gene expression, cell cycle progression, cell division, DNA segregation and cell polarity. Oscillations are generated by biochemical oscillators that incorporate the periodic variation in a parameter over time to generate an oscillatory(More)
Periodic stripe patterns are ubiquitous in living organisms, yet the underlying developmental processes are complex and difficult to disentangle. We describe a synthetic genetic circuit that couples cell density and motility. This system enabled programmed Escherichia coli cells to form periodic stripes of high and low cell densities sequentially and(More)
Cooperative interactions are essential to the operation of many biochemical networks. Such networks then respond ultrasensitively in a nonlinear manner to linear changes in network input, and network output, for example, levels of a phosphorylated protein or of gene expression, becomes a sigmoidal function of concentrations of input molecules. We present a(More)