Peter Laggner

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We present a method for analyzing small angle x-ray scattering data on multilamellar phospholipid bilayer systems at full hydration. The method utilizes a modified Caillé theory structure factor in combination with a Gaussian model representation of the electron density profile such that it accounts also for the diffuse scattering between Bragg peaks. Thus(More)
The high affinity of human plasma beta2-glycoprotein I (beta(2)GPI), also known as apolipoprotein-H (ApoH), for negatively charged phospholipids determines its implication in a variety of physiological pathways, including blood coagulation and the immune response. beta(2)GPI is considered to be a cofactor for the binding of serum autoantibodies from(More)
We studied the influence of sodium and calcium chloride on the global and local membrane properties of fluid palmitoyl-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine bilayers, applying synchrotron small-angle x-ray diffraction, spin-labeling electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry, as well as simultaneous density and acoustic(More)
In many biological membranes, the major lipids are "non-bilayer lipids," which in purified form cannot be arranged in a lamellar structure. The structural and functional roles of these lipids are poorly understood. This work demonstrates that the in vitro association of the two main components of a membrane, the non-bilayer lipid(More)
This review highlights recent advances in structural studies on low density lipoprotein (LDL) with particular emphasis on the apolipoprotein moiety of LDL, apolipoprotein B100 (apoB100). Various molecular aspects of LDL are outlined and obstacles to structure determination are addressed. In this context, the prevailing conceptions of the molecular assembly(More)
beta(2)-Glycoprotein I (beta(2)GPI) is a highly glycosylated phospholipid-binding plasma protein comprised of four complement control protein (CCP) domains and a distinct fifth domain. The structural organisation of human and bovine beta(2)GPI in aqueous solution was studied by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Low-resolution models that match the SAXS(More)
Many biological membranes contain lipids that do not form a lamellar phase but the roles of these lipids are not well understood. An artificial membrane assembled from the main non-bilayer lipid and the major integral protein of pea thylakoids revealed that the protein spatially inhibits the formation of non-bilayer structures in the lamellae. Without this(More)
The structural organization of the neutral lipid core in human low density lipoproteins (LDL) was investigated in physicochemically defined, distinct human LDL subspecies in the density range of 1. 0244-1.0435 g/ml by evaluation of the core lipid transition temperature, chemical composition, and the behavior of spin-labeled core lipids. Calorimetric studies(More)
We have studied the concentration and temperature dependent influence of cholesterol, stigmasterol, and sitosterol on the global structure and the bending fluctuations of fluid dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine and palmitoyl oleoyl phosphatidylcholine bilayers applying small-angle x-ray scattering, as well as dilatometry and ultrasound velocimetry.(More)
The double-focusing high-flux wiggler beamline dedicated to small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) at ELETTRA has gone into user operation recently. It has been designed specifically for time-resolved studies of non-crystalline and fibrous materials in the submillisecond time scale, and has been optimized for small-angle(More)