Peter L. Sazani

Learn More
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs), containing arginine (R), 6-aminohexanoic acid (X), and/or beta-alanine (B) conjugated to phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomers (PMOs), enhance their delivery in cell culture. In this study, the potency, functional biodistribution, and toxicity of these conjugates were evaluated in vivo, in EGFP-654 transgenic mice that(More)
Systemically injected 2'-O-methoxyethyl (2'-O-MOE)-phosphorothioate and PNA-4K oligomers (peptide nucleic acid with four lysines linked at the C terminus) exhibited sequence-specific antisense activity in a number of mouse organs. Morpholino oligomers were less effective, whereas PNA oligomers with only one lysine (PNA-1K) were completely inactive. The(More)
An estimated 60% of all human genes undergo alternative splicing, a highly regulated process that produces splice variants with different functions. Such variants have been linked to a variety of cancers, and genetic diseases such as thalassemia and cystic fibrosis. This Perspective describes a promising approach to RNA repair based on the use of antisense(More)
Polymeric nanogel vectors were developed for cellular gene and antisense delivery. Inverse microemulsion polymerization was utilized to synthesize biocompatible nanogels with controlled size, morphology, and composition. The chemical composition, size, polydispersity, stability, and swelling behavior of the nanogels were investigated by NMR, light(More)
To achieve effective modulation of gene expression by antisense oligonucleotides, novel oligonucleotide chemistries that do not promote RNase H degradation of target RNA are needed. In addition to short-term oligonucleotide effects, long-term gene regulation can be accomplished by intracellularly expressed antisense RNAs delivered by viral vectors.
Two identical single-ascending-dose studies evaluated the safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) of AVI-6002 and AVI-6003, two experimental combinations of phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomers with positive charges (PMOplus) that target viral mRNA encoding Ebola virus and Marburg virus proteins, respectively. Both AVI-6002 and AVI-6003 were found to suppress(More)
AVI-4658 is a phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer (PMO) designed to induce skipping of dystrophin exon 51 and restore its expression in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Preclinically, restoration of dystrophin in the dystrophic mdx mouse model requires skipping of exon 23, achieved with the mouse-specific PMO, AVI-4225. Herein, we report(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a key mediator of inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and anti-TNF-alpha drugs such as etanercept are effective treatments. Splice-switching oligonucleotides (SSOs) are a new class of drugs designed to induce therapeutically favorable splice variants of targeted genes. In this work, we used(More)
We report the in vitro selection of an RNA-based ATP aptamer with the ability to discriminate between adenosine ligands based on their 5' phosphorylation state. Previous selection of ATP aptamers yielded molecules that do not significantly discriminate between ligands at the 5' position. By applying a selective pressure that demands recognition of the 5'(More)
Steric-blocking oligos can correct reading frame errors or skip premature termination codons. For Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), systemic administration of oligos produces limited delivery into muscle cells. Conjugation to a cell-penetrating peptide greatly enhances muscle uptake of morpholino oligos. A peptide-morpholino conjugate (PPMO) restored(More)