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Measurement of small changes in platelet activation state (PAS) in circulating stenotic systems in vitro has been problematic because of a paucity of real-time assay methods and circulation systems of low platelet-activating potential. PAS was measured by a modified prothrombinase assay in which activated platelets provide the essential cofactors in the(More)
Human platelets are anucleate blood cells that retain cytoplasmic mRNA and maintain functionally intact protein transla-tional capabilities. We have adapted complementary techniques of microarray and serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) for genetic profiling of highly purified human blood platelets. Microar-ray analysis using the Affymetrix HG-U95Av2(More)
The effects of total sunlight deprivation on urinary risk factors for nephrolithiasis and vitamin D metabolism were studied in 20 healthy male subjects. Blood and 24-h urine samples were collected before submarine deployment and 68 days later while still at sea. No subject received sunlight exposure during the test interval. Significant decreases in daily(More)
Quantitative fecal lactoferrin was measured in 112 patients tested for toxigenic Clostridium difficile using glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) and toxin immunoassays combined with tcdB PCR. Lactoferrin levels were higher in the GDH-positive/toxin-positive group (79 μg/ml) than in the GDH-positive/toxin-negative/PCR-positive (21 μg/ml) and the GDH-negative(More)
BACKGROUND Platelets possess some of the machinery required for apoptotic cell death. However, disruption of mitochondria function, implicated in several models of cell death, has not been extensively studied in platelets. Mitochondrial viability and several other measures of apoptotic death in stored and experimentally stressed platelets were evaluated. (More)
Human platelets are anucleate blood cells that retain cytoplasmic mRNA and maintain functionally intact protein translational capabilities. We have adapted complementary techniques of microarray and serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) for genetic profiling of highly purified human blood platelets. Microarray analysis using the Affymetrix HG-U95Av2(More)
The macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor (CSF-1R), the product of the c-fms proto-oncogene, regulates normal proliferation and differentiation of macrophages and trophoblasts. Recent research found abnormal expression of CSF-1R in human carcinomas of the breast, endometrium, and ovary. Furthermore, activation of CSF-1R by its ligand has been shown(More)
PURPOSE Nitric oxide (NO) plays a critical role as both a cell signaling molecule and as a cytotoxic/cytostatic mediator. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) present in macrophages and neutrophils produces NO in response to immune stimulation. We evaluated NO production in both bladder tissue and urine from patients with transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the(More)
The macrophage colony stimulating factor receptor (CSF-1R), the product of the c-fms proto-oncogene, plays an important role in regulating the normal proliferation and differentiation of macrophages and trophoblasts. However, the abnormal expression of CSF-1R transcripts and protein by human breast carcinomas has been shown to correlate with advanced stage(More)