Peter L. Jeffrey

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The specific functions of greater than 40 vertebrate nonmuscle tropomyosins (Tms) are poorly understood. In this article we have tested the ability of two Tm isoforms, TmBr3 and the human homologue of Tm5 (hTM5(NM1)), to regulate actin filament function. We found that these Tms can differentially alter actin filament organization, cell size, and shape.(More)
The survival effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on the ganglion cells of the chick retina were studied in vitro at different embryonic ages. We found these effects to be strongly age-dependent: at E5, when the first ganglion cell axons have crossed the optic chiasm, but not yet reached the tectum, ganglion cells survived on a laminin(More)
The actin-based microfilament system is thought to play a critical role in neuronal development. We have determined specific changes in the composition of microfilaments accompanying neuronal morphogenesis. By using specific antibodies against the isoforms for tropomyosin (Tm) (Tm-5 and TmBr-1/-3) and actin (beta- and gamma-actin), we found that during(More)
The functional and structural differences between neurites and growth cones suggests the possibility that distinct microfilament populations may exist in each domain. Tropomyosins are integral components of the actin-based microfilament system. Using antibodies which detect three different sets of tropomyosin isoforms, we found that the vast majority of(More)
Neuronal differentiation involves extensive rearrangement of the cytoskeleton, including the actin-based microfilament system, and establishment of molecular compartments within the neuron. The intracellular distribution of tropomyosin (Tm) mRNA in vivo and in vitro has been examined and correlated with protein targetting. The mRNAs encoding two Tm isoforms(More)
Doublecortin (DCX) is a microtubule-associated protein widely expressed in the developing mammalian nervous system and important for neuronal migration. DCX is known to belong to a novel protein family defined by sequence homology and the presence of a conserved microtubule-binding domain, but the functions of other members of this family are still(More)
Doublecortin (DCX) is a 40 kDa microtubule-associated protein required for normal neural migration and cortical layering during development. Mutations in the human DCX gene cause a disruption of cortical neuronal migration. Defects in cdk5 (cyclin-dependent kinase 5) also cause defects in neural migration and cortical layering. DCX is a substrate for cdk5(More)
The development of functional layers in the brain involves spatially and temporally regulated gene expression. Through cDNA library screening, we have identified genes that are expressed in a neural-specific manner during brain development. Sequencing and expression data indicate that one of the clones, 18C15, is the chick homologue of doublecortin, a human(More)
The generation of isoforms via gene duplication and alternative splicing has been a valuable evolutionary tool for the creation of biological diversity. In addition to the formation of molecules with related but different functional characteristics, it is now apparent that isoforms can be segregated into different intracellular sites within the same cell.(More)
A panel of monoclonal antibodies has been raised to Thy-1 purified from chicken brain. They were produced by immunization of Balb/c mice with a Thy-1-enriched (Sephacryl B) fraction of a lentil lectin-positive fraction from solubilized brain membrane proteins. Antibody-secreting clones were found to be specific for Thy-1 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(More)