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BACKGROUND Lactic acid bacteria are commonly marketed as probiotics based on their putative or proven health-promoting effects. These effects are known to be strain specific but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Therefore, unravelling the determinants behind probiotic features is of particular interest since it would help select(More)
Multidimensional chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC(n)-MS) provides more separation power and an extended measured dynamic concentration range to analyse complex proteomics samples than one dimensional liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (1D-LC-MS). This review gives an overview of the most important aspects of LC(n)-MS with(More)
Data processing forms an integral part of biomarker discovery and contributes significantly to the ultimate result. To compare and evaluate various publicly available open source label-free data processing workflows, we developed msCompare, a modular framework that allows the arbitrary combination of different feature detection/quantification and(More)
In this paper, we compare the performance of six different feature selection methods for LC-MS-based proteomics and metabolomics biomarker discovery-t test, the Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon test (mww test), nearest shrunken centroid (NSC), linear support vector machine-recursive features elimination (SVM-RFE), principal component discriminant analysis (PCDA), and(More)
AIMS To investigate cell determinants of resistance to gastric acidity in Lactobacillus plantarum using comparative proteomics. METHODS AND RESULTS Among ten Lact. plantarum strains that were tested for their acid resistance in vitro, three strains with different phenotypes were selected for comparative proteomic analysis: LC 804 (resistant), CIP A159(More)
Correlation optimized warping (COW) based on the total ion current (TIC) is a widely used time alignment algorithm (COW-TIC). This approach works successfully on chromatograms containing few compounds and having a well-defined TIC. In this paper, we have combined COW with a component detection algorithm (CODA) to align LC-MS chromatograms containing(More)
Time alignment of complex LC-MS data remains a challenge in proteomics and metabolomics studies. This work describes modifications of the Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) and the Parametric Time Warping (PTW) algorithms that improve the alignment quality for complex, highly variable LC-MS data sets. Regular DTW or PTW use one-dimensional profiles such as the(More)
The identification of cell components involved in probiotic activities is a challenge in current probiotic research. In this work, a new approach based on proteomics as an analytical tool for the identification of characteristic protein profiles related to adhesion to mucin as a model probiotic property was used. Three Lactobacillus plantarum strains with(More)
The discovery of biomarkers in easily accessible body fluids such as serum is one of the most challenging topics in proteomics requiring highly efficient separation and detection methodologies. Here, we present the application of a microfluidics-based LC-MS system (chip-LC-MS) to the label-free profiling of immunodepleted, trypsin-digested serum in(More)
We describe a platform for the comparative profiling of urine using reversed-phase liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and multivariate statistical data analysis. Urinary compounds were separated by gradient elution and subsequently detected by electrospray Ion-Trap MS. The lower limit of detection (5.7-21 nmol/L), within-day (2.9-19%) and(More)