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OBJECTIVE To examine the expression patterns of interkeukin-18 (IL-18) in synovial biopsy tissue of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to determine whether expression of this primary cytokine is related to the expression of other cytokines and adhesion molecules and related to the degree of joint inflammation. METHODS Biopsy specimens of knee(More)
A novel cationic immune-complex-mediated arthritis (ICA) model was developed in mice. The highly cationic protein lysozyme was coupled to poly-L-lysine (PLL) and injected intra-articularly into the knee joint of the mouse, shortly after systemic administration of specific antibodies. A vehement joint inflammation developed, characterized by severe joint(More)
IgG-containing immune complexes, which are found in most RA joints, communicate with hematopoietic cells using three classes of Fc receptors(Fc gamma RI, -II, -III). In a previous study we found that if a chronic T-cell-mediated antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) was elicited in knee joints of FcR gamma-chain-deficient mice that lack functional Fc gamma RI and(More)
OBJECTIVE Two major cleavage sites, one mediated by metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the other by an as-yet unidentified enzyme termed aggrecanase, have been observed in aggrecan. To learn more about the relative contribution of these enzymes during cartilage degradation, this study assessed the occurrence of both specific neoepitopes in cartilage during(More)
The mouse patella with surrounding tissue has been used to study the influence of electrical charge of a high-molecular-weight protein on its retention at joint structures. Three proteins were used: native anionic bovine serum albumin (BSA), and charge modified BSA rendered cationic (pI 8.5) either by methylation (mBSA) or amidation (aBSA). Following a 2-hr(More)
In this study we investigated mechanisms involved in the chronic character of experimental collagen type II induced arthritis (CIA). We compared the knee joints of mouse strains which are prone to develop this autoimmune disease (DBA/1,B10RIII) with other nonsusceptible mouse strains (C57Bl/6,BALB/c) in their reaction to different stimuli: immune complexes(More)
The high-affinity receptor for IgG, FcgammaRI, shares its capacity to bind IgG2a immune complexes (IgG2a-IC) with the low-affinity receptor FcgammaRIII and complement factors, hampering the definition of its biological role. Moreover, in vivo, FcgammaRI is occupied by monomeric IgG2a, reducing its accessibility to newly formed IgG2a-IC. By using a variety(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether intraarticular (IA) administration of clodronate liposomes results in local macrophage depletion in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Primary goals were to address both the immunohistologic and potential toxic effects of this approach. Moreover, the correlation between immunohistologic findings and clinical assessments of(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the role of Fc receptor (FcR) gamma chain in inflammation and cartilage destruction during antigen-induced arthritis (AIA). METHODS FcR gamma-/- mice and controls were immunized with methylated bovine serum albumin (mBSA) in Freund's complete adjuvant, followed by induction of arthritis by local injection of mBSA into the right knee(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate potential differences in phenotype and behaviour of immature (iDC) and mature dendritic cells (mDC) from patients with RA and healthy subjects. METHODS iDC and mDC were derived from blood monocytes of patients with RA and healthy controls following standardised protocols. FACS was used to analyse expression of FcgammaRI, II, and(More)