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Introduction. Electrical stimulation is used in experimental human pain models. The aim was to develop a model that visualizes the distribution of electrical field in the esophagus close to ring and patch electrodes mounted on an esophageal catheter and to explain the obtained sensory responses. Methods. Electrical field distribution in esophageal layers(More)
BACKGROUND Evaluation of the biliary tract is important in physiological, pathophysiological, and clinical studies. Although the sphincter of Oddi (SO) can be evaluated with manometry, this technique has several limitations. This may explain the difficulties in identifying pathophysiological mechanisms for dysfunction of the SO and in identifying patients(More)
This study aimed to characterize the effect of mechanical stimuli on mesenteric afferent nerve signaling in the isolated rat jejunum in vitro. This was done to determine the effect of mechanical stresses and strains relative to nonmechanical parameters (neurogenic adaptation). Mechanical stimulations were applied to a segment of jejunum from 15 rats using(More)
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