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Amyloid beta peptide (Abeta), a proteolytic fragment of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), is a major component of the plaques found in the brain of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. These plaques are thought to cause the observed loss of cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain of AD patients. In these neurons, particularly those of the nucleus(More)
We report that certain plasma proteins, at physiological concentrations, are potent inhibitors of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) polymerization. These proteins are also present in cerebrospinal fluid, but at low concentrations having little or no effect on Abeta. Thirteen proteins representing more than 90% of the protein content in plasma and cerebrospinal(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) has been demonstrated to support survival and differentiation of neuronal cells. Recently, a role of NGF in neuronal apoptosis has been suggested. NGF binds to tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TrkA) and to 75-kDa NGF receptor (p75NTR). TrkA is responsible for differentiation and survival, but p75NTR, a member of the death receptor(More)
The Alzheimer beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) and a fragment of the prion protein have the capacity of forming amyloid-like fibrils when incubated under physiological conditions in vitro. Here we show that a small amyloid ligand, RO-47-1816/001, enhances this process severalfold by binding to amyloid molecules and apparently promote formation of the(More)
Assemblyof the amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) into fibrils and its deposition in distinct brain areas is considered responsible for the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, inhibition of fibril assembly is a potential strategy for therapeutic intervention. Electron cryomicroscopy was used to monitor the initial, native assembly structure of(More)
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