Peter Kugel

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The uncomputable parts of thinking (if there are any) can be studied in much the same spirit that Turing (1950) suggested for the study of its computable parts. We can develop precise accounts of cognitive processes that, although they involve more than computing, can still be modelled on the machines we call 'computers'. In this paper, I want to suggest(More)
Like the learning abilities of their students, the teaching abilities of college professors seem to develop in stages. In this paper I want to offer an account of how this development sometimes, and perhaps often, proceeds. Typically, when they begin their teaching careers, professors focus their concern primarily on their own role in the classroom (stage(More)
Induction is the process by which we reason from the particular to the general; In this paper we use ideas from the theory of abstract machines and recursion theory to study this process. We focus on pure induction in which the conclusions "go beyond the information given" in the premises from which they are derived and on simple induction, which is rather(More)
According to the conventional wisdom, Turing (1950) said that computing machines can be intelligent. I don't believe it. I think that what Turing really said was that computing machines – computers limited to computing – can only fake intelligence. If we want computers to become genuinely intelligent, we will have to give them enough " initiative " (Turing,(More)
In 1950, Turing suggested that intelligent behavior might require " a departure from the completely disciplined behavior involved in computation " , but nothing that a digital computer could not do. In this paper, I want to explore Turing's suggestion by asking what it is, beyond computation , that intelligence might require, why it might require it and(More)
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Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use. Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that(More)