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Proteins in the B cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) family are key regulators of the apoptotic process. This family comprises proapoptotic and prosurvival proteins, and shifting the balance toward the latter is an established mechanism whereby cancer cells evade apoptosis. The therapeutic potential of directly inhibiting prosurvival proteins was unveiled with the(More)
We have developed a rapid [3H]colchicine competition-binding scintillation proximity assay (SPA) to evaluate antimitotic compounds that bind to the colchicine-binding site on tubulin. The premise of our assay is that compounds will compete with radiolabeled colchicine for the tubulin-binding domain. Biotin-labeled tubulin is incubated first with unlabeled(More)
A new class of checkpoint kinase 1 (CHK-1) inhibitors bearing a 1,4-dihydroindeno[1,2-c]pyrazole core was developed after initial hits from high throughput screening. The efficient hit-to-lead process was facilitated by X-ray crystallography and led to potent inhibitors (<10nM) against CHK-1. X-ray co-crystal structures of bound inhibitors demonstrated that(More)
A-1155463, a highly potent and selective BCL-XL inhibitor, was discovered through nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) fragment screening and structure-based design. This compound is substantially more potent against BCL-XL-dependent cell lines relative to our recently reported inhibitor, WEHI-539, while possessing none of its inherent pharmaceutical(More)
Myeloid cell leukemia 1 (MCL-1) is a BCL-2 family protein that has been implicated in the progression and survival of multiple tumor types. Herein we report a series of MCL-1 inhibitors that emanated from a high throughput screening (HTS) hit and progressed via iterative cycles of structure-guided design. Advanced compounds from this series exhibited(More)
A study on substitutions at the four open positions on the phenyl ring of the 1,4-dihydroindeno[1,2-c]pyrazoles as potent CHK-1 inhibitors is described. Bis-substitution at both the 6- and 7-positions led to inhibitors with IC(50) values below 0.3nM. The compound with the best overall activities (36) was able to potentiate the anti-proliferative effect of(More)
The anti-apoptotic protein MCL-1 is a key regulator of cancer cell survival and a known resistance factor for small-molecule BCL-2 family inhibitors such as ABT-263 (navitoclax), making it an attractive therapeutic target. However, directly inhibiting this target requires the disruption of high-affinity protein-protein interactions, and therefore designing(More)
The majority of cancer therapeutics induces DNA damage to kill cells. Normal proliferating cells undergo cell cycle arrest in response to DNA damage, thus allowing DNA repair to protect the genome. DNA damage induced cell cycle arrest depends on an evolutionarily conserved signal transduction network in which the Chk1 kinase plays a critical role. In(More)
Sulfonate analogues of combretastatin A-4 have been prepared. These compounds compete with colchicine and combretastatin A-4 for the colchicine binding site on tubulin and are potent inhibitors of tubulin polymerization and cell proliferation. Importantly, these compounds also inhibit the proliferation of P-glycoprotein positive (+) cancer cells, which are(More)
Farnesylation of Ras is required for its transforming activity in human cancer and the reaction is catalysed by the enzyme farnesyltransferase. Recently, we discovered a novel chemical series of potent farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) analogues which selectively inhibited farnesyltransferase. Our most potent compound to date in this series, A-176120,(More)