Peter Kotsonis

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We have cloned a guinea pig Vanilloid receptor 1 (VR1) from a dorsal root ganglion cDNA library and expressed it in CHO cells. The receptor has been functionally characterized by measuring changes in intracellular calcium produced by capsaicin, low pH and noxious heat. Capsaicin produced a concentration-dependent increase in intracellular calcium in guinea(More)
Activation of protein kinase C (PKC) results in enhanced action-potential evoked release of a variety of transmitters. However, previous studies have suggested that acetylcholine release is poorly modulated by PKC compared to other transmitter types. We investigated the effect of stimulation conditions on PKC modulation of electrical stimulation-induced(More)
Myogenic constriction describes the innate ability of resistance arteries to constrict in response to elevations in intraluminal pressure and is a fundamental determinant of peripheral resistance and, hence, organ perfusion and systemic blood pressure. However, the receptor/cell-type that senses changes in pressure on the blood vessel wall and the pathway(More)
Nitric oxide synthases (NOS) are homodimeric enzymes that NADPH-dependently convert L-arginine to nitric oxide and L-citrulline. Interestingly, all NOS also require (6R)-5,6,7, 8-tetrahydro-L-biopterin (H4Bip) for maximal activity although the mechanism is not fully understood. Basal NOS activity, i.e. that in the absence of exogenous H4Bip, has been(More)
Vanilloid receptor 1 (VR1, TRPV1) is a cation-selective ion channel that is expressed on primary afferent neurons and is upregulated following inflammation and nerve damage. Blockers of this channel may have utility in the treatment of chronic nociceptive and neuropathic pain. Here, we describe the optimization from a high throughput screening hit, of a(More)
1. Protein kinase C (PKC) is an important second messenger-activated enzyme. In noradrenergic nerves it appears to be tonically activated by diacylglycerol (DAG) to facilitate transmitter release and the steps in this involve activation of phospholipase C, generation of DAG and activation of PKC. It is suggested that the subsequent facilitation of(More)
The present study used structurally distinct phorbol esters to investigate the relationship between their pharmacokinetics of binding to protein kinase C (PKC) in rat brain cortex synaptosomes, their affinity for PKC in synaptosomes and ability to enhance noradrenaline release from rat brain cortex. Affinity binding studies using [3deoxyphorbol(More)
1. It has been proposed that protein kinase C (PKC) in sympathetic nerves is activated during action-potential evoked release of noradrenaline and helps maintain transmitter output. We studied this phenomenon further in rat atria radiolabelled with [3H]-noradrenaline. 2. Noradrenaline release was elevated by continuous electrical stimulation of the atria(More)
1. The biosynthesis of noradrenaline following sympathetic nerve activation was investigated in rat atria. In particular the time course of noradrenaline synthesis changes, the relationship of changes in synthesis to transmitter release and the possible roles of second messengers and protein kinases were examined. 2. Rat atria incubated with the precursor(More)
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