Learn More
The coating quality of a batch of lab-scale, sustained-release coated tablets was analysed by terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI). Terahertz radiation (2 to 120 cm(-1)) is particularly interesting for coating analysis as it has the capability to penetrate through most pharmaceutical excipients, and hence allows non-destructive coating analysis. Terahertz pulsed(More)
The current study pursues the suitability of different types of carrageenan as a novel extrusion aid. The aim was to find out a suitable substitution to the commonly used microcrystalline cellulose (MCC). The types of kappa-carrageenan were found to be the most appropriate material and the required fraction to produce acceptable pellets in the formulation(More)
Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) is the golden standard to manufacture spherical particles (pellets) via extrusion-spheronisation since wetted microcrystalline cellulose has the proper rheological properties, cohesiveness and plasticity to yield strong and spherical particles. However, microcrystalline cellulose is not universally applicable due to a number(More)
κ-Carrageenan is a novel pelletisation aid with high formulation robustness and quick disintegration leading to fast drug release unlike the matrix-like release from non-disintegrating microcrystalline cellulose pellets. Compression of pellets into tablets is cost effective. The feasibility of formulating multiparticulate tablets with coated κ-carrageenan(More)
Recent development of analytical techniques to monitor the coating process of pharmaceutical solid dosage forms such as pellets and tablets are described. The progress from off- or at-line measurements to on- or in-line applications is shown for the spectroscopic methods near infrared (NIR) and Raman spectroscopy as well as for terahertz pulsed imaging(More)
A laboratory spray gun and a production spray gun were investigated in a scale-up study. Two Schlick spray guns, which are equipped with a new antibearding cap, were used in this study. The influence of the atomization air pressure, spray gun-to tablet bed distance, polymer solution viscosity, and spray rate were analyzed in a statistical design of(More)
The retrogradation of untreated wild-type starches (potato, maize, and wheat), waxy maize starches, and one pregelatinized, modified amylose-rich starch was investigated continuously using Raman spectroscopy. The method detects conformational changes due to the multi-stage retrogradation, the rate of which differs between the starches. The pregelatinized,(More)
The potential of terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI) to predict the dissolution performance in sustained-release tablets was investigated in this study. Batches of coated tablets with similar weight gain during the coating process at the lab and pilot scales were subjected to non-destructive imaging by TPI and subsequently analysed by dissolution testing. The(More)
Purpose. A new model for the wet-extrusion/spheronization process with microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) is proposed. The crystallite-gel-model is able to elucidate the unique role of MCC in this process. Many other experimental results, which cannot be explained by the standard model of granulation, the liquid saturation model, give evidence for the(More)
The aim of the study was the formulation of solid dispersions of the poorly water-soluble drug celecoxib and a polymethacrylate carrier by hot-melt extrusion. The objectives were to elucidate the mechanism of drug release from obtained extrudates and milled strands addicted to the solid-state properties of the solid dispersions and to examine and eliminate(More)