Peter KD Pilz

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Electromyographic (EMG) potentials of several head muscles were recorded simultaneously in freely moving rats with chronically implanted electrodes. The startle responses of m. temporalis, m. levator auris, and m. levator labii superior were compared. All muscles showed a parallel decrease in latency and an increase in response elicitability and amplitude(More)
Electromyograms of M. Levator auris and M. Temporalis and movement produced by whole body startle were recorded simultaneously in awake, freely moving rats. Thresholds were 78 db SPL for the L. auris, 80 dB SPL for the ballistic and 81 dB SPL for the Temporalis. The rank ordering of the three thresholds was extremely strict, 188 suprathreshold M. L. auris(More)
The effect of the excitotoxic N-methyl-D-aspartate agonist quinolinic acid in the caudal pontine reticular formation on the acoustic startle response was investigated in rats. Bilateral injections of 90 nmol of quinolinic acid led to large lesions in the reticular formation characterized by the loss of all neurons and a marked reduction or even abolition of(More)
Rats can be divided according to their responses to startle-eliciting stimuli into 2 groups with different emotional states. About half of the 54 female Sprague-Dawley rats showed long-lasting freezing behavior after 1-8 stimuli (10 kHz, 110 dB spl). In freezing rats the startle amplitude was higher than in nonfreezing rats, even on the very first startle(More)
The amplitude of the acoustic startle response habituates to repetitive stimulation. The input and output of the startle system were measured to determine if the decrease in startle amplitude during repetitive stimulation is due to an increase in the startle threshold. Two experimental approaches were used in 35 Sprague-Dawley rats to probe the relationship(More)
The spontaneous mutant mouse spasmodic (spd) carries a missense mutation affecting the glycine receptor alpha1-subunit gene. This results in a decreased binding affinity to glycine. Spd mutants show exaggerated acoustic startle responses (ASR). The present study sought to elucidate whether this increased ASR is due to a changed auditory processing or to(More)
The acoustic startle response (ASR) is enhanced in the presence of loud background noise. We examined whether or not this increase of response strength is mediated by the amygdala, which is known to be involved in various phenomena of enhancement of the ASR. To achieve this aim, we tested whether or not amygdaloid lesions with the excitotoxin(More)
The acoustic startle response (ASR) in rats is mediated by an oligosynaptic pathway from the cochlea via the brainstem to spinal and cranial motoneurons. The present study tested whether the superior olivary complex (SOC) plays a role in the mediation of the ASR. The SOC receives auditory information from the ventral cochlear nuclei and projects to the(More)
The effect of the acoustic middle ear reflex (MER) was quantified using electrodes chronically implanted in the middle ears of rats. Cochlear microphonics (CM) and middle ear muscle EMG were measured under light Ketamin anesthesia after stimulation with tone pulses of 5-20 kHz ranging between 75 and 120 dB SPL. With increasing intensity, the CM measured(More)
The inbred mouse strain BALB has been proposed to be an animal model for pathological anxiety. BALB exhibits a stronger acoustic startle response (ASR) than the 'less emotional' inbred strain DBA. Four experiments were conducted to determine whether this strong ASR is due to a higher anxiety level and/or to greater sensitization in BALB than in DBA, with(More)