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Collecting duct (CD)-specific knockout (KO) of endothelin-1 (ET-1) causes hypertension, impaired ability to excrete a Na load, and enhanced CD sensitivity to the hydrosmotic effects of vasopressin (AVP). CD express the two known ET receptors, ET(A) and ET(B); in the current study, the role of the CD ET(A) receptor in mediating ET-1 actions on this nephron(More)
BACKGROUND Cytolytic Shiga toxins (Stx) are believed to be largely responsible for renal damage in post-diarrheal hemolytic-uremic syndrome (D + HUS). Despite the general belief that endothelial cells are the primary target of Stx, there is evidence that proximal tubules may be a site of toxin action. We hypothesized that cultured proximal tubular cells are(More)
Little is known about collecting duct adenylyl cyclase (AC) isoforms or regulation in the mouse. We performed RT-PCR for AC isoforms 1-9 in microdissected cortical (CCD) and outer medullary (OMCD) and acutely isolated inner medullary (IMCD) collecting duct. All collecting duct regions contained AC3, AC4, and AC6 mRNA, while CCD and OMCD, but not IMCD, also(More)
Collecting duct (CD)-derived endothelin-1 (ET-1) inhibits renal Na reabsorption and its deficiency increases blood pressure (BP). The role of CD endothelin B (ETB) receptors in mediating these effects is unknown. CD-specific knockout of the ETB receptor was achieved using an aquaporin-2 promoter-Cre recombinase transgene and the loxP-flanked ETB receptor(More)
A transgenic mouse approach was used to examine the mechanism of principal cell-specific expression of aquaporin-2 (AQP2) within the renal collecting duct. RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry revealed that murine AQP2 was expressed in principal cells in the renal collecting duct, epithelial cells of the vas deferens, and seminiferous tubules within testis. The(More)
In vitro studies suggest that collecting duct-derived (CD-derived) endothelin-1 (ET-1) can regulate renal Na reabsorption; however, the physiologic role of CD-derived ET-1 is unknown. Consequently, the physiologic effect of selective disruption of the ET-1 gene in the CD of mice was determined. Mice heterozygous for aquaporin2 promoter Cre recombinase and(More)
In vitro studies suggest that endothelin-1 (ET-1) inhibits vasopressin (AVP)-stimulated water permeability in the collecting duct (CD). To evaluate the role of CD-derived ET-1 in regulating renal water metabolism, the ET-1 gene was selectively disrupted in the CD (CD ET-1 KO). During normal water intake, urinary osmolality (Uosm), plasma Na concentration,(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the pathophysiology of renal ischemia/reperfusion injury. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is generated in abundance in renal ischemia/reperfusion with resultant decreases in renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate. To determine if ROS regulate ET-1 production, the effect of ROS donors or scavengers on ET-1(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelin-1 (ET-1) inhibition of vasopressin (AVP)-stimulated water reabsorption by the inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) is associated with reduced cAMP accumulation. To determine the effect of ET-1 deficiency, AVP-stimulated cAMP responsiveness was assessed in IMCD from mice with collecting duct-specific deletion of ET-1 (CD ET-1 KO) and(More)
The collecting duct (CD) endothelin (ET) system regulates blood pressure (BP) and Na excretion. CD-specific knockout (KO) of ET-1 causes hypertension, CD-specific KO of the ETA receptor does not alter BP, while CD-specific KO of the ETB receptor increases BP to a lesser extent than CD ET-1 KO. These findings suggest a paracrine role for CD-derived ET-1;(More)