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Little is known about collecting duct adenylyl cyclase (AC) isoforms or regulation in the mouse. We performed RT-PCR for AC isoforms 1-9 in microdissected cortical (CCD) and outer medullary (OMCD) and acutely isolated inner medullary (IMCD) collecting duct. All collecting duct regions contained AC3, AC4, and AC6 mRNA, while CCD and OMCD, but not IMCD, also(More)
In vitro studies suggest that endothelin-1 (ET-1) inhibits vasopressin (AVP)-stimulated water permeability in the collecting duct (CD). To evaluate the role of CD-derived ET-1 in regulating renal water metabolism, the ET-1 gene was selectively disrupted in the CD (CD ET-1 KO). During normal water intake, urinary osmolality (Uosm), plasma Na concentration,(More)
Collecting duct (CD)-derived endothelin-1 (ET-1) inhibits renal Na reabsorption and its deficiency increases blood pressure (BP). The role of CD endothelin B (ETB) receptors in mediating these effects is unknown. CD-specific knockout of the ETB receptor was achieved using an aquaporin-2 promoter-Cre recombinase transgene and the loxP-flanked ETB receptor(More)
In vitro studies suggest that collecting duct-derived (CD-derived) endothelin-1 (ET-1) can regulate renal Na reabsorption; however, the physiologic role of CD-derived ET-1 is unknown. Consequently, the physiologic effect of selective disruption of the ET-1 gene in the CD of mice was determined. Mice heterozygous for aquaporin2 promoter Cre recombinase and(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelin-1 (ET-1) inhibition of vasopressin (AVP)-stimulated water reabsorption by the inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) is associated with reduced cAMP accumulation. To determine the effect of ET-1 deficiency, AVP-stimulated cAMP responsiveness was assessed in IMCD from mice with collecting duct-specific deletion of ET-1 (CD ET-1 KO) and(More)
Mortality in postdiarrheal hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is associated with brain injury. Normally, brain cells are resistant to Shiga toxin (Stx), the putative pathogenic toxin in HUS. However, exposure of human brain endothelial cells (HBECs) to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and/or interleukin (IL)-1 markedly up-regulates Stx receptor(More)
Collecting duct (CD)-derived endothelin-1 (ET-1) exerts natriuretic, diuretic, and hypotensive effects. In vitro studies have implicated cyclooxygenase (COX) metabolites, and particularly PGE(2), as important mediators of CD ET-1 effects. However, it is unknown whether PGE(2) mediates CD-derived ET-1 actions in vivo. To test this, CD ET-1 knockout (KO) and(More)
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