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A fundamental step in visual pattern recognition is the establishment of relations between spatially separate features. Recently, we have shown that neurons in the cat visual cortex have oscillatory responses in the range 40-60 Hz (refs 1, 2) which occur in synchrony for cells in a functional column and are tightly correlated with a local oscillatory field(More)
Perception and cortical responses are not only driven "bottom-up" by the external stimulus but are altered by internal constraints such as expectancy or the current behavioral goal. To investigate neurophysiological mechanisms of such top-down effects, we analyzed the temporal interactions of neurons on different levels of the cortical hierarchy during(More)
Neurons can operate in two distinct ways, depending on the duration of the interval over which they effectively summate incoming synaptic potentials. If this interval is of the order of the mean interspike interval or longer, neurons act effectively as temporal integrators and transmit temporal patterns with only low reliability. If, by contrast, the(More)
Information processing in the cerebral cortex invariably involves the activation of millions of neurons that are widely distributed over its various areas. These distributed activity patterns need to be integrated into coherent representational states. A candidate mechanism for the integration and coordination of neuronal activity between different brain(More)
Neurons in area 17 of cat visual cortex display oscillatory responses that can synchronize across spatially separate columns in a stimulus-specific way. Response synchronization has now been shown to occur also between neurons in area 17 of the right and left cerebral hemispheres. This synchronization was abolished by section of the corpus callosum. Thus,(More)
In subjects suffering from early onset strabismus, signals conveyed by the two eyes are not perceived simultaneously but in alternation. We exploited this phenomenon of interocular suppression to investigate the neuronal correlate of binocular rivalry in primary visual cortex of awake strabismic cats. Monocularly presented stimuli that were readily(More)
During the past decade, numerous studies have demonstrated stimulus-specific synchronization of neuronal activity in the gamma-frequency range. However, it appears that the different analyses are based on widely different assumptions about which frequency range to investigate. Therefore, the term "gamma-synchronization" refers to an inhomogeneous spectrum(More)
Recent studies have shown that neurons in area 17 of cat visual cortex display oscillatory responses which can synchronize across spatially separate orientation columns. Here, we demonstrate that unit responses recorded from the posteromedial lateral suprasylvian area, a visual association area specialized for the analysis of motion, also exhibit an(More)
Theoretical studies have suggested that scene segmentation may be accomplished by a temporal coding mechanism using synchronization of neuronal responses. Here we report a direct experimental test of this hypothesis. Neuronal responses were recorded simultaneously from two to four sites with overlapping receptive fields in cat visual cortex. Correlation(More)
Rodents excel in making texture judgments by sweeping their whiskers across a surface. Here we aimed to identify the signals present in whisker vibrations that give rise to such fine sensory discriminations. First, we used sensors to capture vibration signals in metal whiskers during active whisking of an artificial system and in natural whiskers during(More)