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Survival factors can suppress apoptosis in a transcription-independent manner by activating the serine/ threonine kinase Akt, which then phosphorylates and inactivates components of the apoptotic machinery, including BAD and Caspase 9. In this study, we demonstrate that Akt also regulates the activity of FKHRL1, a member of the Forkhead family of(More)
The anaphase-promoting complex (APC) is a multisubunit E3 ubiquitin ligase that targets key cell cycle regulatory proteins for degradation. Blockade of APC activity causes mitotic arrest. Recent evidence suggests that the APC may have roles outside the cell cycle. Several studies indicate that ubiquitin plays an important role in regulating synaptic(More)
Apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL/APO-2L) has been shown to exert important functions during various immunological processes. The involvement of the death adaptor proteins FADD/MORT1, TRADD, and RIP and the apoptosis-initiating caspases-8 and -10 in death signaling by the two death-inducing TRAIL(More)
We show here that caspase-8 is required for the death of primary rat neurons induced by an expanded polyglutamine repeat (Q79). Expression of Q79 recruited and activated caspase-8. Inhibition of caspase-8 blocked polyglutamine-induced cell death. Coexpression of Q79 with the caspase inhibitor CrmA, a dominant-negative mutant of FADD (FADD DN), Bcl-2, or(More)
BACKGROUND Fas (APO-1/CD95) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNF-R) family and induces apoptosis when crosslinked with either Fas ligand or agonistic antibody (Fas antibody). The Fas-Fas ligand system has an important role in the immune system where it is involved in the downregulation of immune responses and the deletion of peripheral(More)
The Fas receptor mediates a signalling cascade resulting in programmed cell death (apoptosis) within hours of receptor cross-linking. In this study Fas activated the stress-responsive mitogen-activated protein kinases, p38 and JNK, within 2 h in Jurkat T lymphocytes but not the mitogen-responsive kinase ERK1 or pp70S6k. Fas activation of p38 correlated(More)
To identify essential components of the Fas-induced apoptotic signaling pathway, Jurkat T lymphocytes were chemically mutagenized and selected for clones that were resistant to Fas-induced apoptosis. We obtained five cell lines that contain mutations in the adaptor FADD. All five cell lines did not express FADD by immunoblot analysis and were completely(More)
The proline-directed kinase Cdk5 plays a role in several aspects of neuronal development. Here, we show that CDK-5 activity regulates the abundance of the glutamate receptor GLR-1 in the ventral cord of Caenorhabditis elegans and that it produces corresponding changes in GLR-1-dependent behaviors. Loss of CDK-5 activity results in decreased abundance of(More)
c-Fos is phosphorylated by MAP kinase and the 90 kDa-ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK) in vitro at serines 362 and 374 (rat) which we demonstrate are major in vivo phosphorylation sites in early G1. We have constructed c-Fos mutants with these serines changed to aspartic acid residues (FosD) to mimic phosphorylation or to alanine residues (FosA) to prevent(More)