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Two alpha-tubulin genes from the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae were identified and cloned by cross-species DNA homology. Nucleotide sequencing studies revealed that the two genes, named TUB1 and TUB3, encoded gene products of 447 and 445 amino acids, respectively, that are highly homologous to alpha-tubulins from other species. Comparison of the(More)
Microtubules in yeast are essential components of the mitotic and meiotic spindles and are essential for nuclear movement during cell division and mating. The relative importance in these processes of the two divergent alpha-tubulin genes of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, TUB1 and TUB3, was examined through the construction of null mutations(More)
The Na+-H+ exchanger regulatory factor (NHE-RF) is a cytoplasmic phosphoprotein that was first found to be involved in protein kinase A mediated regulation of ion transport. NHE-RF contains two distinct protein interaction PDZ domains: NHE-RF-PDZ1 and NHE-RF-PDZ2. However, their binding partners are currently unknown. Because PDZ domains usually bind to(More)
The Escherichia coli biotin holoenzyme synthetase, BirA, catalyzes transfer of biotin to the epsilon amino group of a specific lysine residue of the biotin carboxyl carrier protein (BCCP) subunit of acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Sequences of naturally biotinylated substrates are highly conserved across evolutionary boundaries, and cross-species biotinylation has(More)
I describe a technique for screening peptide libraries of over 10(9) independent clones for substrates of peptide-modifying enzymes. The peptides, linked to their genetic material by the lac repressor, are exposed to the enzyme and then screened by affinity purification on a receptor specific for the modified product. The enzyme characterized, E. coli(More)
PDZ domains are multifunctional protein-interaction motifs that often bind to the C-terminus of protein targets. Nitric oxide (NO), an endogenous signaling molecule, plays critical roles in nervous, immune, and cardiovascular function. Although there are numerous physiological functions for neuron-derived NO, produced primarily by the neuronal NO synthase(More)
We describe a convenient method for constructing new plasmids that relies on interchanging parts of plasmids by homologous recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A circular recombinant plasmid of a desired structure is regenerated after transformation of yeast with a linearized plasmid and a DNA restriction fragment containing appropriate homology to(More)
Microtubules in yeast are functional components of the mitotic and meiotic spindles and are essential for nuclear movement during cell division and mating. We have isolated 70 conditional-lethal mutations in the TUB1 alpha-tubulin gene of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae using a plasmid replacement technique. Of the 70 mutations isolated, 67 resulted in(More)
The E. coli secE (prlG) gene codes for an integral cytoplasmic membrane protein which is part of the cell's secretory machinery. A deletion of nearly the entire gene renders the cell dependent on the presence of a complementing secE+ plasmid, indicating that the SecE protein is essential for growth. Deletions which remove carboxy-terminal sequences or(More)
Genetic screening and selection procedures employing a secA-lacZ fusion strain repeatedly have yielded mutations in four genes affecting the protein export pathway of Escherichia coli. These genes are secA, secD, prlA/secY, and secE. We discuss the significance of the failure to find new sec genes after extensive use of this approach. One of the genes,(More)