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The spinach CSP41 protein has been shown to bind and cleave chloroplast RNA in vitro. Arabidopsis thaliana, like other photosynthetic eukaryotes, encodes two copies of this protein. Several functions have been described for CSP41 proteins in Arabidopsis, including roles in chloroplast rRNA metabolism and transcription. CSP41a and CSP41b interact physically,(More)
Illumination changes elicit modifications of thylakoid proteins and reorganization of the photosynthetic machinery. This involves, in the short term, phosphorylation of photosystem II (PSII) and light-harvesting (LHCII) proteins. PSII phosphorylation is thought to be relevant for PSII turnover, whereas LHCII phosphorylation is associated with the relocation(More)
Photosystem II (PSII) is a multiprotein complex that functions as a light-driven water:plastoquinone oxidoreductase in photosynthesis. Assembly of PSII proceeds through a number of distinct intermediate states and requires auxiliary proteins. The photosynthesis affected mutant 68 (pam68) of Arabidopsis thaliana displays drastically altered chlorophyll(More)
In Arabidopsis, the nuclear genes PetC and AtpD code for the Rieske protein of the cytochrome b 6 /f (cyt b 6 /f) complex and the ␦-subunit of the chloroplast ATP synthase (cpATPase), respectively. Knockout alleles for each of these loci have been identified. Greenhouse-grown petc-2 and atpd-1 mutants are seedling lethal, whereas heterotrophically(More)
Many photosynthetic organisms globally, including crops, forests and algae, must grow in environments where the availability of light energy fluctuates dramatically. How photosynthesis maintains high efficiency despite such fluctuations in its energy source remains poorly understood. Here we show that Arabidopsis thaliana K(+) efflux antiporter (KEA3) is(More)
The only animal cells known that can maintain functional plastids (kleptoplasts) in their cytosol occur in the digestive gland epithelia of sacoglossan slugs. Only a few species of the many hundred known can profit from kleptoplasty during starvation long-term, but why is not understood. The two sister taxa Elysia cornigera and Elysia timida sequester(More)
Photosystem I (PSI) of higher plants contains 18 subunits. Using Arabidopsis En insertion lines, we have isolated knockout alleles of the genes psaG, psaH2, and psaK, which code for PSI-G, -H, and -K. In the mutants psak-1 and psag-1.4, complete loss of PSI-K and -G, respectively, was confirmed, whereas the residual H level in psah2-1.4 is due to a second(More)
Two homologous plastocyanin isoforms are encoded by the genes PETE1 and PETE2 in the nuclear genome of Arabidopsis thaliana. The PETE2 transcript is expressed at considerably higher levels and the PETE2 protein is the more abundant isoform. Null mutations in the PETE genes resulted in plants, designated pete1 and pete2, with decreased plastocyanin contents.(More)
High solar radiation in the tropics is known to cause transient reduction in photosystem II (PSII) efficiency and CO2 assimilation in sun-exposed leaves, but little is known how these responses affect the actual growth performance of tropical plants. The present study addresses this question. Seedlings of five woody neotropical forest species were(More)